Inductive/Deductive Reasoning

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Reviews basic understanding of inductive and deductive reasoning, premise and conclusion, validity in arguments.

inductive reasoning

reasoning from detailed facts to general principles

deductive reasoning

reasoning from the general to the specific

premise

a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn

conclusion

belief or decision reached by reasoning

valid argument

an argument in which the reasons support the conclusion so that the conclusion follows from the reasons offered.

validity

Refers to statements that have the appearance of truth or reality.

argument

a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal

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