found austrolapiticus in 1974 in the Olduvai Gorge
Portuguese explored the ocean around Africa in 1492 and was the first to sail to the bottom of Africa
Vasco de Gama
portuguese explorer 1498 and sailed to india
British explorer in 1850. believed in civilization, christianity, and commerce in africa
British explorer in 1850 that searched for the start of the nile but got a spear through his head
British explorer in 1850 that explored with burton and found the source of the nile
was an african nationalism activist in the 1920's who promoted pan-africanism
african nationalism activist. founded NAACP
leader of Nigeria 1990-1999. was a Hausa and was very corrupt
leader of Nigeria from 1999-2007. was a Hausa and corrupt
leader of the Kenyan African Union (KAU). was imprisoned during the Mau Mau Rebellion. was freed after 10 years and became leader of kenya until he died in 1978. good leader who made kenya stable
Daniel arap Moi
leader of kenya from 1978-2002. was chosen by kenyatta. was bad and made kenya corrupt with low economy
Boer. leader of south africa and was racist and had segregation in africa, though not by law.
elected as leader of south africa in 1948. was very racist and was head of National Party. started apartheid.
was leader of ANC. was constitutional. leader of south africa from 1994-2000. dismantles apartheid
FW de Klerk
leader of south africa from 1989-1994. head of National Party. had meetings with nelson mandella but didn't get rid of apartheid
South african journalist that was arrested and found dead the next morning
in Tanzania and Kenya and is where oldest human skeletons were found
Great Rift Valley
mountain range along eastern africa (Somalia, Kenya, etc.)
high mountain in Tanzania
high mountain in kenya
huge desert along much of northern central africa (chad, sudan, mali, etc.)
desert in southern africa in Botswana ans Zambia area
desert along the coast of south western africa. angola & namib area
major river that flows from uganda to the Mediterranean sea
river in central africa that goes through zaire , congo, etc.
river in western africa that goes through mali, nigeria, niger, etc.
river in south eastern africa that goes through mozambique, zimbabwe, etc.
lake between tanzania, uganda, and kenya
lake east of malawi and borders tanzania and mozambique as well
borders Zaire, tanzania, burundi, and zambia
Mountain range along South african coast
mountain range along north western african coast ( Morocco, algeria, etc)
(1000BC-300AD) ancient african civilization in Etheopia and southern sudan. had trade.
capital of Kush
300-700AD. christian civilization. in etheopia and southern sudan
most important swahili city-state
important swahili city-state
300-1300AD. had gold, salt, and slaves.
1st century AD-1700AD. coastal south east africa. language was swahili & became muslim in 700AD. had oligarchy & trade
1366AD gold, salt, and slaves. Islamic. west africa
important city in Mali?
1460-1700AD. west africa. had gold, salt, and slaves
last country to be freed from britain in 1976
city in south africa settled by the dutch and german in 1652. british buy colony in 1814 and expand it.
Boer settlement in northern south africa. had gold and diamonds.
Orange Free State
Boer settlement in northern south africa. had gold and diamonds. not Transvaal
where there was a PAC demonstration in 1961 where the police ended up killing people to stop it
a famous "township" where black people had to stay before going o bantustans. very poor. had riots in 1976
area in Kenya where coffee is grown
capital of Kenya. in the middle of railroad from Kampala to Mombasa