Which social group suffered the greatest decline in power as a result of the plague?
three times the population of England and was much richer
In the mid-fourteenth century, France had:
The use of this medieval weapon proved to give the English the tactical advantage in the war:
temporal authority was "subject" to the spiritual power of the Church
The papal bul Unam Sanctum declared that:
Which of the following cities played a key role in the trade between europe and the near east?
Social strife and competition for political power became so intense within the cities that most evolved into:
This occured in 1378 as a result of the unbearable conditions for those at the bottom of the society and the disruption caused by the Black Death:
Which of the following was the most important intellectual recovery made during the Italian Renaissance?
Spain; Spain won all four major battles
The Habsburg-Valoid wars were wars fought between France and:
He did not believe that the Italian political unity and independence were ends that justified any means
Which is not true of Machiavelli?
A new alliance between monarchs and this group helped break the bonds of feudal society.
They were hostile to classical culture
All of the following characterized northern humanists except:
shipping, agriculture, and mining
Which of the following are the 3 major components of the colonial economy of Latin America?
urban society was increasingly atheistic
Contributing factors to lay criticism of the church included all of the folllowing except:
all members were expected to take special religious vows and to wear a special religious dress
which of the following statements is untrue of the ideology and practice of the Brothers of the Common Life?
Thomas a Kemis
This writer summarized the philosophy of the Brothers of the Common Life in what became the most popular religious book of the period, the Imitation of Christ:
a remission of the temporal penalty imposed on peniments by priests as a work of satisfaction for their confessed mortal sins
an indulgence was:
by faith alone
The Freedom of a Christian, written by Martin Luther, summarized the new teaching of salvation:
the ruler of a land would determine the religion of the land
The Peace of Augsburg recognized in law what had already been established in practice,:
Recognized by the pope in 1528, this group sought to return to the original ideals of st. Francis and became popular among the ordinary people to whom they directed their ministry:
submit without question to higher church authority and spiritual direction
Ignatius of Loyola taught good Catholics to:
they completely disagreed with said sentiments
which of the following statements characterizes Protestant views of the popular anti-woman and anti-marriage literature of the Middle Ages?
the ruler of the land would determine the religion of the land
The Peace of Augsburg recognized in law what had already been established in practice:
the capture of the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia
What sparked the first wave of Protestant persecuation in France?
the Bourbons, the Montmorency-Chatillions, and the Guises
Who were the 3 powerful families that sought the French monarchy after the death of king henry II?
the duke of Guise surprising a Protestant congregation in Champagne and massacring many worshipers
What event starkly marked the begining of the French wars of religion?
publicly abandoning the Protestant faith and embracing Catholicism
King Henry stunned France, Spain, and the pope by
the spanish armada was sent to invade england
Hostilities between Spain and England reached a climax in 1588 when:
a growing demand and limited supply caused prices and inflation to rise
What statement most accurately describes the general state of the Spanish economy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries?
Passed by Queen Elizabeth I, this was a revision of Thomas Cranmer's works that made moderate Protestantism the official religion within the Church of England
England assembled a large army that rivaled that of Spain
Which didnt contribute to the outbreak of war between England and Spain?
the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
What event immediately triggered Pope Sixtus V to give support to Spain"?
the defeat of Spanish Armada
What event weakened the Spanish dominance in europe, from which Spain never fully recovered?
Following the weaking of Spain, which nation dominated Europe approximately in the early 17th century
Due nto its central location, this nation had always been Europe's highway for merchants and traders going north, south, east and west:
Bavaria is to the Counter-Reformation as the Palastine is to PRotestantism
Which analogy is most accurate?
revoke the religious freedoms of the Bohemia Protestants
One of the first actions Ferdinand took as a king of Bohemia was to:
was about equally divided between Catholics and Protestants
By 1600, the population of the Holy Roman Empire:
The seven provinces that became the United Provinces of the Netherlands emerged as a nation in 1572 after revoltijng against this nation:
Tolerations marked the Dutch religious life where peoples of differeing religious faiths lived together peacefully
Which is true of the Netherlands
parliamentary monarchy and political absolutism
What were the 2 most important models of European political development in the early modern period?
increased the costs of war, and governments across Europe found different ways to adapt
changes in military structure and technologies:
his declaration of war against Spain shortly before his death
what did not rouse suspicion of James' foreign policy?
Parliament would meet and confer at least every six months, regardless of whether it was summoned by the monarch
The Petition of Rights required all except:
Charles I might have ruled indefinetly without Parliament had his religion policies not provoked war with:
the Anglican Church and the monarchy
After Cromwell died in 1658, the English were ready by 1660 to restore:
announce his conversion to Catholicism, and in exchange Louis XIV promised to pay Charles a substantial subsidy
In the Treaty of Dover, Charles II and Louis XIV's secret agreement called fore Charles II to:
William and Mary were proclamed English monarchs
Which even occurred directly after the Glorius Revolution?
the execution of a majority of the Protestant nobility
The revocation of the Edict of Nantes resulted in all except
attempt of the nobility to use its authority to limit the power of the monarchy
The chied feature of 18th century French political life was the:
All things considered, Poland's government was remarkably effective
What is not true of 17th and 18th century Poland?
they possessed the highest level of commercial skills in the empire
Over the years, Ghimmis in the Ottoman Empire obstained economic success because:
During the 16th cent., the discoveries that most captured the public imagaination were made in:
He published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres and rejected the notion of an earth-centered universe:
Ptolemy and Aristotle
In the early 16th cent, the standard explanation of the place of the earth in the heavens combined the work of:
tested to see if it was what he actually observed
Newton was a mathematical genius, but before he upheld a theory he thought it should be:
it is best to beleive God exists and stake everything to gain the lot; if God should prove not to exist, comparatively little will be lost.
According to Pascal's famous wager:
70,000 to 100,000
how many people were sentenced to death for witchcraft or harmful magic between 1400 and 1700?
religious split and warfare threatened the security of society and the witches were the scapegoats of a social panic
Based on ur knowledge of the text, which is the most plausible cause of the witch hunts?
he had Roman Catholic sympathies
Charles I's employment of Rubens illustrated to the people of England that:
the social, political and economic relationships that had were prevalent in Europe before the french revolution
the term old regime has come to refer to:
one to five percent of the population
in 18th cent europe, the nobility consisted of approxiamately:
french novles were responsible for payment of the vingtieme, which resembles what modern-day tax?
in pre-industrial europe, the economy of a household that developed on farms, in artisans' workshops, and in small merchants' shops and was known as the:
the process in which children in their young teens wud leave their nuclear family, learn a trade and eventually marry their own indeoendent household known as:
the family economy didnt dominate the life of skilled urban artisans
what is not true of the family economy?
the number of illigitimate births seems to have decreased during the 18th century
what is not true of children in the 18th century?
introduced to the new world, this new product allowed more certin food supply in europe and enabled more children to survive to adulthood and rear children of their own:
appeal to contemporary christians to sell products to cleanse their outward appearance during their servies
during the industrial revolution, consumption wasnt automatic so manufacturers did all to seel their product except:
wash only the parts of their bodies that cud be seen in ublic
from the middle ages thru the end of the 18th cent medical manuals advised people to
Poland, Lithuania, and Ukraine
in the 18th cent. and thereafter the jewish population of europe was concentrated in:
were discriminated agaisnt
until the late 18th cent. european jerws who did not convert to Christianity
this nation was significantely freer than any other european nation at the beginning of the enlightenment:
an xpanding literate public and the growing influence of secular printed materials created a new and increasing influential social force called:
taking too limited a role in a national politics
philosophes criticized the christian church for alll except