American Revolution

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Breed's Hill

The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought mainly on which hill?

British

Who won the battle of Bunker Hill?

1054

How many casualties did the British suffer at the Battle of Bunker Hill?

Nathaniel Greene

Which general was encouraged by the patriot effort at the Battle of Bunker Hill? (General ______ __________)

Henry Knox

Who did Washington name as his commander of artillery?

Siege of Boston

At the _______ __ ______, Dorchester Heights was a good military strategy, because it overlooked the British.

Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold

Along with Henry Knox, which two men helped take cannons to Fort Ticonderoga during the Siege of Boston? (_______ _________, _________ ____________) alphabetical by last name

Tories

What are loyalists also known as?

God

A reason why Loyalists opposed the DOI: To resist the king was to rebel against ______

power, wealth

A reason why Loyalists opposed the DOI: They will lose _____ and _____ if the royal authority ends.

family

A reason why Loyalists opposed the DOI: loyalty to the king is as important as dedication to one's _______

British

Which side had these advantanges? a) highly trained, well supplied and accustomed to strict military discipline b) one of the world's most reliable fighting forces c)professional d)most powerful navy in the world e)have confidence

American

Which side had these advantages: a)fought on familiar ground (home turf) b) motivated by revolutionary zeal c)many soldiers in Continental army served in units recruited from the home colonies, with men they knew

British

Which side had the disadvantage of being unfamiliar with the land?

British

Which side had the disadvantage of having uniforms as blatant targets?

British

Which side had the disadvantage of being cocky?

British

Which side had the disadvantage of not being acquainted with the surprise attack strategies from their opponent?

American

Which side had the disadvantage of the lack of a powerful government?

American

Which side had the disadvantage of having the shortage of provisions and troops?

freedom

Slaves were offered ____ if they fought in the war.

against

Originally, was Washington for or against slaves fighting in the war?

Cayuga, Onondega, Mohawk, Seneca

The tribes of the Iroquois League that allied with the British (COMS)

Tuscarora, Oneida

The tribes of that Iroquois League that allied with the Americans (TO)

Joseph Brant

Thayendanegea, the Mohawk chief, was known to colonists as _________ __________

yes

Were the American Indians highly coveted during the wars?

Robert Shurtleff

What was Deborah Sampson Gannet known as when she disguised herself as a man in the war?

American

Which side was Deborah Sampson Gannet on?

British

Who won the Battle of New York?

Hessians

_______ took no prisoners, which meant an automatic death.

John Glover

Who led his militia from Massachusetts to man the boats to cross the Delaware River?

fog

What came that led to the escape of the Patriots during the Battle of New York?

George Cornwallis

Who is the British field commander? (General ______ ____________)

Washington

At the Battle of Trenton, who strikes back after their previous loss at New York? (_____________)

5

While 918 were taken prisoner and 120 were killed/wounded of the 1,400 Hessian soldiers at Trenton, how many Americans were wounded? (because nobody died)

Princeton

A week after his victory at Trenton, where does Washington ambush British regiments?

Princeton

Where was the American's first major offensive attack that raised American morale?

Morristown, New Jersey

Where did Washington and his men take their 1776-1777 winter quarters?

The Philadelphia Campaign

What served at the British counterattack after their loss at the Battle of Trenton?

drunk

What one word condition were the Hessian soldiers at the Battle of Trenton?

Christmas

What holiday led to the Hessian soldiers being drunk at the Battle of Trenton?

Philadelphia

_______________ = the American capital city

Congress

As Howe made entered Philadelphia, who fled from Philadelphia to Lancaster and then to York, Pennsylvania?

Congress

Which government group meets in Philadelphia?

surprise

The element of ________ played a major role in the Battle of Brandywine.

Chad's Ford

Where did General Howe send his troops as a decoy during the Battle of Brandywine?

Wiaster's Ford

Where did the majority of Howe's troops and Howe go to during the Battle of Brandywine?

Wiaster's Ford

Which ford was unknown to the Americans that Howe crossed to attack them?

British

Which side won the Battle of Brandywine?

British

Which side won the Paoli Massacre?

200

Around how many Americans were killed at the Paoli Massacre?

John Burgoyne

Who was passive during the scalping of Jane McCrea? (General _____ _______)

Wayne

Who was court martialed for his failed defense at the Paoli Massacre? (_last name__)

no

Was the man who was court martialed at the Paoli Massacre found guilty?

6,000

By the end of the Philadelphia campaign, Washington's troop size decreased from 15,000 to __________ men.

British

The victors at the Battle of Germantown

Battle of Germantown

The battle similar to the Battle of Trenton because it dealt with the element of surprise. (The _____ __ ________)

4

How many armies attacked Howe at the Battle of Germantown?

10

How many regiments attacked Howe at the Battle of Germantown?

Chief Justice Chew

The owner of the Chew House

time

What were the American soldiers primarily wasting when they continued to attack the unrelenting Chew House and Cliveden House during the Battle of Germantown?

Whitemarsh

Where was the temporary fort for George Washington after the Battle of Germantown?

November 2 - December 11

How long was the Continental Army situated at Fort Washington (Whitemarsh)? (from what date to what date)

Fort Hill

This hill was the western end of the Continental troop positions and was the site of the fort.

Militia Hill

The Pennsylvania Militia, under the command of generals Armstrong, Cadwalader and Irvine, held positions along this ridge.

Clifton House

Built in 1801, this building lies just north of Fort Hill and is also known as the Sandy Run Tavern

iron forges and foundries

What non-human thing was George Washington trying to protect when he left for Valley Forge after the Battle of Germantown?

Burgoyne, St. Leger

The two men of Howe's Northern Campaign who were to attak South from Canada (their last names, alphabetical)

Burgoyne

This man's desperation and mistakes mobilizes public support to fight for the Americans. (last name)

Burgoyne

While General Howe was advancing towards Philadelphia, British General ___last name____ was on the move to northern New York

Saratoga

Burgoyne and his men cross the Hudson River, where Patriot forces attack under General Horatio Gates in this battle. (Battle of ___________)

Gates

Who has more men at the Battle of Saratoga? Burgoyne or Gates?

France

The country that forms a formal alliance with the Americans at the Battle of Saratoga

France

The country that supplies troops, money, and a navy to the Americans during the Battle of Saratoga

Spain

The country that joined the war as France's ally in 1778

Netherlands

The country that became France's ally in 1780

Marquis de Lafayette

The French general in the Continental Army

Johan de Kalb

The German general in the Continental Army

Thaddeus Kosciusko

The Polish man who helped build effective defenses and strategies

Frierich von Steuben

The Prussian man who was the drill sergent and was instilled strictness and military strictness at Valley Forge

Washington

This man's secret to winning the war was "sheer determination of Americans to fight at all costs" (last name)

trade

The British navy blockaded American ports, which created economic distress by thwarting __________.

power

Washington's army and American civilians could not get financial aid from the Continental Congress because it had no real _________.

paper money

The over-production of this led to inflation

Monmouth, new Jersey

When the British abandoned Philadelphia and moved north to reinfoce New York defenses, where did they go? (City, State)

American

Which side won at the Battle of Monmouth?

Indiana and Illinois

The George Rogers Clark captured all the British posts in these two states.

Ohio River Valley

The success at the Battle of Monmouth strengthened the Patriot's claim to the ____ __________ __________.

Nathaniel Greene

The new Patriot commander when fighting turns to the south in 1779.

Charleston, Savannah

The British Royal navy seizes these two major ports in the South.

civil war

The Southern phase was especially vicious because it was resembling that of a ______ ____

Lafayette

Who was General Cornwallis trying to pursue at the Battle of Yorktown? (last name)

France

The country that commander Rochameau is from

Admiral Francois De Grasse

The man who sailed north from the West Indies to the Chespeake to cut off British communication during the Battle of Yorktown (full title/name)

de Grasse

The French naval comander in the West Indies and joined his troops with British troops at Yorktown (last name)

British

Which side was outnumbered 2:1 at the Battle of Yorktown?

British

The side that surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown

British

The side that won the capture of Savannah

British

After the capture of Savannah, Savannah is _________ property for the rest of the war

trade

By capturing the port of Savannah (and Charleston), the British planned to hurt the American _____

yes

When the French and American troops tried to recapture the city of Savannah, did they fail with casualties?

British

The side that won the Siege of Charleston

Clinton

The British general that was particularly happy with his victory at the Siege of CHarleston because he had had a previous attempt (General ___________)

14,000

The number of British forces in the area during the Siege of Charleston?

Siege of Charleston

It was three months of bombardment and is known as the single greatest American defeat in the entire war.

Horatio Gates

The victor at the Battle of Saratoga is made the new commander of the Continental Army at the Battle of Camden (first and last name)

Gates

Who had more men at the Battle of Camden? Cornwallis or Gates?

British

The side that won the Battle of Camden

Nathaniel Greene

The man who replaces Gates at the Battle of Camden after the American loss. (first and last name)

inexperienced

One word describing the American side who had more men at the Battle of Camden, but still lost in the end.

North Carolina

After his Camden victory, what state the Cornwallis enter?

American

The side that wins the Battle of Kings Mountain

Kings Mountain

The only large scale engagement of all American participants, except Colonel Patrick Ferguson (who leads the loyalists. (Battle of ___ __________)

Kings Mountain

The Battle of _____ _______ is the first real British set back of the Southern campaign.

AMerican

Which side wins the Battle of Cowpens?

cowpens

Where did American General Morgan gather his forces during the Battle of Cowpens?

loyalist

The British defeat at the Battle of Cowpens profoundly quiets _________________ activity in the Carolinas.

maneuver

Rebels encircle British with skilled _______ at the Battle of Cowpens.

British

Which side won the Battle of Guilford Court House?

Cornwallis

Who was outnumbered in men at the Battle of Guilford Court House? (Greene or Cornwallis)?

600

Cornwallis lost almost ________ men (over one-fouth of his original force) at the Battle of Guilford Court House

American

Which side loses at the Battle of Eutaw Springs?

reinforcements

At the Battle of Eutaw Springs, the British realize they cannot hold onto places like Euraw Springs (near Charleston) because they do not have ___________.

American

Which side wins at the Battle of Yorktown?

Virginia

Cornwallis believes that to conquer the Carolinas, he must first conquer_____________. (which state)

Chesapeake Bay

George Washington abandoned his plan against the British in New York when he heard a French fleet was nearing ________________ _______ (which will prevent reinforcements from going to Cornwallis)

Cornwallis

On October 17th, Cornwallis negotiates with Washington (at the end of the Siege of Yorktown) and two days later, _____(Cornwallis or Washington)_______ and his army surrender.

upside down

When Cornwallis surrenders after the Siege of Yorktown, "the world turns _______-____

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