religion

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Secularism

a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations

Traditional religion

a religion that has originality and is not modernized

Syncretic religion

separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the past and the present.

Universal religion

religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those who live in a particular location

Ethnic religion

A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.

Polytheistic religion

a religion with more than one god

Monotheistic religion

a religion with one god

Animistic religion

the beleif that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth

Religious fundamentalism

religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy

Interfaith boundary

The boundaries between the world's major faiths.

Intrafaith boundary

The boundaries within a major religion.

Jihad

a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal

Sharia religious law

The system of Islamic law

Ethnic cleansing

the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area

Gender

the classification of being male or female

Enfranchisement

a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)

Longevity gap

the gap between the life expectancy of men and women

Maternal mortality rate

Number of deaths per thousand of women giving birth.

Female infanticide

the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies and from the low value associated with the birth of females

Dowry deaths

the bride is brutally beat or killed for her fathers failure to fulfill the marriage agreement

Female genitalia mutilation

Complete or partial removal of the clitora on girls under the age of eleven

Caste system

a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity

Untouchables

LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult

Karma

(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation

Reincarnation

the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions

Brahman

the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category

Diaspora

the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel

Ashkenazim

One of the two main ethnic groups within the Jewish culture. This branch eventually settled in Central Europe after having been driven out of Jerusalem early in the first millenium A.D

Sephardim

cultural tradition made up of descendants of Jews who moved to Spain and Potugal in Western Europe

Shiite

a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs

Sunni

one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam

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