Seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony.
how the change of bread and wine into the body and blood of christ happens. During Protestant reformation, transubstantiation was heavily criticized and many favored the idea of the Eucharist as a memorial service
a literary and historical movement to recover the latin and greek classics; to discover a more secular and individualistic view of humanity; exalts humanity
a declaration of swiss anabaptist belief; consisted of seven articles: baptism, excommunication, communion, separation from evil, pastors in the church, the Sword and the Oath; no infant baptism, multiple slip-ups in discipline will result in ban, only those who have been baptized can take part in communion; violence not acceptable in any circumstance, no oaths shall be taken because Jesus prohibited them
roger williams advocated separation of church and state in MA; he founded Providence, RI in 1636;puritcans called separating the puritans schismatics
believed in no resurrection, no holy communtion; going to church is not a divine encounter; it's about karma and ethics; the world is good and getting better
places a special emphasis on a direct, personal experience of God through baptism; A family of Protestant churchs whose members demonstrate their christian faith through the gifts of the Holy Spirit: Glossolalia, healing, prophesy etc.
had a "born again" experience, a personal relationship/experience of Jesus as the savior. The Bible is the center of your life, containing truth and how to live. Mission oriented: go out and preach the gospel, the "great comission"; different from the fundamentalists in the evangelicals embrace culture and try to purify it. Fundamentalists reject society. One who preaches the good news: the teachings of Jesus, the promise of salvation.
process where an individual learns to live and act within a particular culture
part of liberation theology: people got together, sang hymns, prayed, supported each other and could become educated; small groups of poor disenfranchised people;people in the communities were targeted as social revolutionists by the dictatorshop government
a Jesuit missionary who dressed like the culture he was working in; expert in memory techniques, and very successful in China; other missionaries went to the pope and the emperor exiled all Jesuits from China; criticize for allowing ancestor worshop and for treating Confucius like a saint
Hermits who lived in teh deserts of Egypt around the 3rd century; Christian hermits who abandoned cities for a life of solitude; believed in the rule of LOVE over all things
the most important scholastic theologian and great synthesizer; his works pulled from many sources, including the Bible and classical theology(Summa Theologica); believed that you could learn about anything using reason - reason and revelation are compatible; nominalism challenged his ideas; said some things can only be seen through revelation
father of reform tradion starting in Zurich; saw the eucharist as a memorial service; no real presence; don't do anything not in bible
council of trent
ecumenical council in the 1500's; held on and off for 18 years; rejected protestant theology and restate Catholic principles; reformed seminaries and made Thomas Aquinas the official theologian
philosopher regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers; believd we are born without innate ideas and knowledge is determine solely by experience
Christian attempt to change society; for the first time it wasn't about helping the poor but trying to understand why the were in poverty
religious renewal in American colonies in the 1740's; marked by powerful preaching and intense emotional experiences; movement sought to awaken people whose faith was spiritually dead
Latin for "in our age", the Declaration on the Relation of the church with non-christian religions, part of the vatican II; we're all made in God's image, so we should find out how different people of different religions are part of God; Against the religion to harass anyone based on color, race etc.
Feminist Critique of the Christian Tradition
people are supposed to have full human dignity, but women don't; "There is no Jew or Gentile..everyone is equal"; Three steps to gaining full human dignity: reappraisal of the scripture, emphasis on liberating message, and recovery of lost voices
religion belief centered around the idea that God provides material prosperity for those he favors; implies that people who prosper are favored by God; popular for those who are poor and believe that by believing in God they will become materially wealthty
Martin Luther attacked the 'sale of indulgences' where the church would cancel all or part of someone's penance when that person completed certain devotions, charity, or services to the church; the practice was abused and an Archbishop was allowed to sell indulgences at one point; Luther posted 95 theses
Freedom of a Christian
a reforming treaty of Martin Luther's; luther explains the idea of freeom through grace
Society of Jesus
Founded by Ignatius of Loyola; dedicated to the service of the Pope, and played an important role in the catholic reformation as missionaries and teachers; largest catholic religious order, with many universities and high schools
Society of Friends
pacifists, given freedom of religion in PA by William Penn; hold yearly meetings and there is no choir or singing in their services; very unorganized services; ppl only speak when HS compels them to
Angelican, during the Second Awakening, he and his college friends founded the holy club 'follow the method"; credited for founding the methodist movement
central governing body of the Roman Catholic Church; along with Pope; Means Royal Court
Letter from the Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther king's response to a statement made by Alabama clergy regarding his protest; written from his cell in Birmingham where he was arrested for a non-violent protest; King wrote about what makes laws 'just or unjust' ; said that "injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere"
a religious order where the ppl "mendicants" live in town and cities and beg for their livelihood; mendicants have taken a vow of poverty so that all their time and energy can be expended on religious work; grew out of a movement that sought to restore the 'apolostic life'; important founder was St. Francis of Assisi
FIVE POINTS OF CALVINISM: T= total depravity: we're corrupted by sin even if wer had free will we wouldn't make the right choices; U=unconditional Election: God picks if you get saved or not; L=limited atonement: only some ppl benefit from Jesus' sacrafice on the cross; I=irresistible Grace: you can't say no to grace; P= perserverance of Saints: once you get grace, you cannot lose it
Syllabus of Errors
Pope Pius complied a list of practices or ideas in modern society that were rejected by the church as errors; provided an overture for the first vatican council
belief in a strict adherence to a basic set of principles; name originated from a group of essays rejecting liberal protestanism; believed that the Bible is LITERALLY true, with no flaws; rejected historical criticism
Preferential Option for the poor
Part of Liberation Theology; any decision made as a community should be depdendent on how it affects the poor