IPC Semester Exam

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Cramming for finals tomorrow

Gravity

The force of attraction between objects

General Property

A quality or characteristic of all matter

Inertia

Resistance of an object to a change in its motion

Liquid

Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape

Gas

Matter that does not have a definite shape or volume

Solid

Matter that has no or very little movement of particles

Plasma

Matter thats particles can only be held by magnetic forces

Crystalline Solid

A type of solid with a regular, repeating pattern of arranged particles

Amorphous Solid

A type of solid with no regular or repeating pattern that eventually will lose its shape

Melting

When an object goes from a solid to a liquid

Freezing

When a substance goes from a liquid to a solid

Condensation

When a gas turns to a liquid

Boiling Point

The temperature at which a liquid goes to a gas

Melting Point

The temperature at which a solid goes to a liquid

Mixture

Matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together but not chemically combined

Colloids

Particles in a mixture that are mixed together but not dissolved; they are permanently suspended and will not seperate

Solution

A homogenous mixture that is formed when one substance dissolves in another

Molecule

Two or more atoms chemically bonded together

Solute

The substance that dissolves

Atom

The smallest particle of an element that has all the properties of the element

Solvent

The substance that does the dissolving

Heterogenous Mixture

A mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout

Homogenous Mixture

A mixture that appears to be the same throughout

Increases; Decreases

The force of attraction of objects ___ as the distance ___.

Mass

The constant amount of matter in an object determines its ___.

Weight

The pull of gravity on an object determines the object's ___.

Mass, weight, volume, and density

General properties of matter include ___.

V = l x w x h

What is the formula to find the volume of an object?

D = mass / volume

What is the formula to find the density of an object?

Charles' Law

___ states that at constant pressure, if temperature goes up, volume goes up, and if temperature goes down, volume goes down.

Boyle's Law

___ states that at constant temperature, if the volume goes down, the pressure goes down, and if the volume goes up, the pressure goes up.

Chemical Symbols

Na, Fe, and I are all ___ ___.

Changing the coefficients

You can balance an equation by ___.

Nucleus

Almost all of the atoms mass is found in the ___.

Protons and Neutrons

The nucleus of an atom contains ___.

33 amu

If an isotope of sulfur has 16P, 17N, and 16E, its mass number is ___.

Electromagnetic

Elactrons are kept in motion around the nucleus by the ___ force.

Positively

The nucleus of an atom is ___ charged.

Atomic Number

The elements of the modern periodic table are arranged in order of increasing ___ ___.

Similar

Elements of the same family of the periodic table have ___ properties.

Active Solids

Elements on the left side of the periodic table tend to be ___.

Inactive Gases

Elements on the right hand of the periodic table tend to be ___.

Metals

Most elements on the periodic table are ___.

Brittle; Little or no luster

Nonmetals are ___ and have ___.

Alkali Metals

Always found in nature combinedwith other elements because they are very active.

Solids, liquids, and gases

Halogens are found in nature as ___.

1

All elements in the halogen family have ___ valence electron(s).

Outermost energy levels; Complete

The noble gases are inactive because their ___ are ___.

Period

The elements in a horizontal row of the periodic table form a ___.

Family

The elements in a vertical column of the periodic table form a ___.

Valence

The number of electrons in the outermost energy level of an element determines the ___ number of the element.

Chemical Bonding

___ occurs so that atoms can obtain a full outermost shell.

Ionic Bonding

The transfer of electrons occurs during ___.

Oppositely

The ionic bond results from attraction between ___ charged atoms.

Lose

Atoms with low ionization energy ___ electrons easily.

Attract

Atoms with high electron affinity have a tendency to ___ electrons.

Covalent

Sharing of electrons occurrs in ___ bonding.

Metallic

The type of bond that holds together the atoms in a sample of copper is ___.

Oxidation Number

The ___ of an atom can be deteremined by knowing the number of valence electrons.

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