Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

structuralism

an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind; Edward Bradford Titchener and self-reflective introspection.

functionalism

a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function--how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish; William James.

behaviorism

the view that psychology should (1) be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes; most research psychologist agree with (1) but not (2); John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner.

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth; Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.

cognitive neuroscience

the interdisciplinary of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language).

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes.

nature-nurture issue

the controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behavior; interaction of the both.

natural selection

the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations; Charles Darwin.

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.

counseling psychology

branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living and in achieving greater well-being.

clinical psychology

branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.

psychiatry

branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; physicians who offer psychological therapy and drug treatments.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set