Ch. 22

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During the early modern age, which of the following non-Euorpean peoples explored the Indian ocean?

Chinese

Which of the following was not one of the main inspirations for European exploration:

The desire to conquer China and India

The first Euorpean nation to dominate trade with Asia was:

Portugal

Which of the following was not a reason for the European interest in finding a maritime trade route?

Mongol domination had caused trade along the silk road to stop

The Portuguese viewed the Atlantic ocean islands as the perfect location for the cultiation of:

sugarcane

The Reconquista came to an end in 1492 when:

the Muslim kingdom of Granada fell to spanish catholic forces

The astrolabe was designed to measure:

latitude

wind wheels:

are a circular wind patterns whose discovery aided sailing

The Volta Do Mar:

relied on a thorough knowledge of wind patterns

The economic sustem that dominated European thinking from 15th to 16th centuries was:

mercantilism

The first European to sail around the Cape of Good Hope was:

Bartolomeu Dias

The profitable merchandise taht Vasco do Gama purchased in India was:

pepper and cinnamon

On October 1492, Columbus made a landfall on an island that the native Aios called:

Gaunahani

The first European to sight the Pacific ocean owas;

Balboa

On his circumnavagation of the world was completed in 1522 by:

Megellan

The portuguese dominance of trade was dependant on thier ability to force merchant ships:

to call at fortified trading sites and pay duties

Hormuz, goa and Melaka were a seized in the early 1500's by Aborqurque in the end, Protugal was uable to maintain its early domination of trade because:

it's a small country with a small population

Which of the following was not an advantage to the English and Dutch over the Portuguese:

they had much better captains

The VOC was the:

United East India Company

The most prosperous country in Europe in the 17th century was:

the Netherlands

The center of the Spanish commercial activity in Aia was:

Malaka

Under Spanish rule of the Philippines, the native population:

was pressured to convert to Roman Catholicism

Russian merchants and explorers began the expansion into siberia in the quest for:

fur

The country that finished the seven year's war with global hegemony was

England

In the long term, the Columbian exchange:

increased the population of the world becoause of the spread of new food crops

The 1500 to1800, the largest continent fo migrants consisted of:

enslaved Africans

Lateen sails had the advantage of:

working better in closs-winds

all of the following were examples of mercantile policy except:

government efforts to increase the wages of craftsmen

The unclaimed world was divided between Spain and Portugal in 1494 when Pope Alexander VI:

drew the line of demarcation on a world map

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