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The Roosevelt Corollary

A. claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.

On April 2, 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war

against Germany, "to make the world safe for democracy."

The Fourteen Points attempted to

provide a peace agenda to create a new democratic world order.

During World War I, federal powers

expanded greatly.

The Nineteenth Amendment

B. barred states from using sex as a qualification for voting

The Eighteenth Amendment

prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.

The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918):

restricted freedom of speech

Eugenics is

A. the study of the supposed mental characteristics of different races

Americanization

refers to the process of assimilation

W.E.B. Du Bois

founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

"The Great Migration" refers to

blacks moving from the South to the North.

In response to the Russian Revolution that led to the creation of the communist Soviet Union, the United States

pursued a policy of anticommunism that would remain at the center of American foreign policy during the twentieth century.

How did World War I and the rhetoric of freedom shape the labor movement and workers' expectations?

The wartime language of democracy and freedom inspired hopes among American workers that social and economic justice was at hand.

Marcus Garvey launched a separatist movement, encouraging blacks to embrace their African heritage

TRUE

The Red Scare was a short-lived but intense period of political intolerance inspired by the postwar strike wave and the social tensions and fears generated by the Russian Revolution.

TRUE

2
In the 1920s, movies, radios, and phonographs:

helped create and spread a new celebrity culture

The flapper:

epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior.

During the 1920s

government polices reflected the pro- business ethos of the decade

The Scopes trial of 1925

pitted creationists against evolutionists

The Ku Klux Klan

flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West.

The 1924 Immigration Act

set quotas that favored immigration from northern and western Europe

Besides work and school, the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s were

dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters

The Harlem Renaissance

included writers and poets such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay

In 1928, Herbert Hoover

won the presidency, primarily because of his sterling reputation and the general, apparent prosperity of the nation

President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by

reassuring Americans that "the tide had turned.

Fundamentalists supported Prohibition, while others viewed it as a violation of individual freedom.

True

The Scopes trial was a national sensation, being carried live on national radio

True

In the early twentieth century, the Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the South, targeting only blacks

False

The term "New Negro" in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place.

True

During the 1920s, consumer goods

were frequently purchased on credit.

2
In his 1932 campaign for the presidency, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Americans a policy change he called the:

New Deal

The New Deal

included a reliance on economic planning

The National Industrial Recovery Act

established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.

The Civilian Conservation Corps

put young men to work in national parks

During 1934, the great wave of labor strikes included all of the following groups EXCEPT

stockbrokers

Which statement best describes Huey Long, Upton Sinclair, and Dr. Francis Townsend?

They all challenged Roosevelt to move further to the left of center

The Works Progress Administration

included projects in the arts

The Social Security Act of 1935

included old-age pensions, unemployment relief, and aid to families with dependent children.

The New Deal concentrated power in the hands of

the executive branch

Keynesian economics

relied on large-scale government spending

Which phrase best describes Eleanor Roosevelt's tenure as First Lady?

redefined the role of First Lady, championing women's rights, civil, and human rights

What ended the Great Depression?

World War II spending

Very few Americans realized that the president who projected an image of vigorous leadership during the 1930s and World War II was confined to a wheelchair.

True

The administrators that Roosevelt chose for his cabinet reflected the conservative traditions of Coolidge and Hoover.

False

Eleanor Roosevelt was a very typical First Lady.

False

The Four Freedoms

were President Roosevelt's statement of the Allied war aims

The Good Neighbor Policy was directed at

Latin America

As fascism rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930s, most Americans

supported U.S. neutrality.

December 7, 1941, is known as a "date that will live in infamy," referring to

the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

"D-Day" refers to the:

Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy.

The Holocaust

was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.

The Office of War Information

used radio, film, and press to give the war an ideological meaning

During the war, Americans:

experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline

"Rosie the Riveter":

refers to Norman Rockwell's image of a female industrial laborer.

The GI Bill of Rights

included scholarships for education and low-cost mortgage loans for veterans

Under the bracero program

Mexicans were encouraged to immigrate to America, but they were denied the right of citizenship

Government propaganda and war films portrayed the Japanese as:

bestial and subhuman.

Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is FALSE?

Once the FBI did background checks on individuals, they were free to leave the camps and return home

The double-V campaign was:

the effort to end discrimination against blacks while fighting fascism.

After the war, most of the women who had held defense jobs and wished to keep them were allowed to by their employers.

False

After World War II, the only nation that could rival the United States was

the Soviet Union.

According to the policy of containment, as laid out by George Kennan, the:

United States was committed to preventing the spread of communism.

The "Iron Curtain":

separated the free West from the communist East.

The Truman Doctrine

committed the United States to fighting communism anywhere.

NATO:

was an alliance between the United States and several Western European countries

All of the following are enactments of the policy of containment EXCEPT

the Warsaw Pact

Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for

a permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.

The Korean War:

ended in a stalemate.

Jackie Robinson:

broke the color barrier in major league baseball.

Which civil rights measure was passed into law during Truman's administration?

desegregation of the armed forces

Who were the common victims of McCarthyism?

virtually anyone who refused to cooperate with the investigations.

Overall, despite good intentions the Marshall Plan was not very successful

False

The Berlin Airlift made it clear that Truman was determined to deny the Soviet Union any victories in the Cold War.

true

Generally speaking, economics and geopolitical interests motivated American foreign policy, but the language of freedom was used to justify America's actions.

true

Harry Truman's Fair Deal focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans.

true

Between 1946 and 1960, the American gross national product:

more than doubled, and wages increased.

After World War II, suburban growth:

increased dramatically, especially in places like Levittown and California.

William Levitt, coupled with the GI Bill, gave many Americans the opportunity to

buy a home.

After World War II, most working women:

were concentrated in low-paying, nonunion jobs such as clerical, sales, and service labor

During the 1950s, Americans:

on average married younger and had more children as compared to previous generations.

Modern Republicanism included:

the expansion of core New Deal programs.

The term used to describe developing countries that refused to align with either of the two Cold War powers was

"Third World countries."

The Eisenhower Doctrine pledged support:

to any Middle Eastern country resisting communism or nationalism.

Which Supreme Court decision did Brown overturn?

. Plessy v. Ferguson

In Brown v. Board of Education, what was Thurgood Marshall's main argument before the Supreme Court?

that segregation did lifelong damage to black children, undermining their self-esteem.

As a result of the Montgomery boycott in 1955-1956:

the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was illegal.

Martin Luther King Jr. was:

a civil rights leader and inspired by the teachings of Gandhi.

The emergence of a popular culture geared toward the emerging youth market suggested that significant generational tensions lay beneath the bland surface of 1950s life.

True

Which statement best describes how the white South reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?

D. Some states closed the public schools, rather than integrate, and offered white children the choice to opt out of integrated schools.

The 1960 presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon:

highlighted the impact of television on political campaigns.

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