The Roosevelt Corollary
A. claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.
On April 2, 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war
against Germany, "to make the world safe for democracy."
The Fourteen Points attempted to
provide a peace agenda to create a new democratic world order.
During World War I, federal powers
The Nineteenth Amendment
B. barred states from using sex as a qualification for voting
The Eighteenth Amendment
prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918):
restricted freedom of speech
A. the study of the supposed mental characteristics of different races
refers to the process of assimilation
W.E.B. Du Bois
founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
"The Great Migration" refers to
blacks moving from the South to the North.
In response to the Russian Revolution that led to the creation of the communist Soviet Union, the United States
pursued a policy of anticommunism that would remain at the center of American foreign policy during the twentieth century.
How did World War I and the rhetoric of freedom shape the labor movement and workers' expectations?
The wartime language of democracy and freedom inspired hopes among American workers that social and economic justice was at hand.
Marcus Garvey launched a separatist movement, encouraging blacks to embrace their African heritage
The Red Scare was a short-lived but intense period of political intolerance inspired by the postwar strike wave and the social tensions and fears generated by the Russian Revolution.
In the 1920s, movies, radios, and phonographs:
helped create and spread a new celebrity culture
epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior.
During the 1920s
government polices reflected the pro- business ethos of the decade
The Scopes trial of 1925
pitted creationists against evolutionists
The Ku Klux Klan
flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West.
The 1924 Immigration Act
set quotas that favored immigration from northern and western Europe
Besides work and school, the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s were
dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters
The Harlem Renaissance
included writers and poets such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay
In 1928, Herbert Hoover
won the presidency, primarily because of his sterling reputation and the general, apparent prosperity of the nation
President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by
reassuring Americans that "the tide had turned.
Fundamentalists supported Prohibition, while others viewed it as a violation of individual freedom.
The Scopes trial was a national sensation, being carried live on national radio
In the early twentieth century, the Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the South, targeting only blacks
The term "New Negro" in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place.
During the 1920s, consumer goods
were frequently purchased on credit.
In his 1932 campaign for the presidency, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Americans a policy change he called the:
The New Deal
included a reliance on economic planning
The National Industrial Recovery Act
established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.
The Civilian Conservation Corps
put young men to work in national parks
During 1934, the great wave of labor strikes included all of the following groups EXCEPT
Which statement best describes Huey Long, Upton Sinclair, and Dr. Francis Townsend?
They all challenged Roosevelt to move further to the left of center
The Works Progress Administration
included projects in the arts
The Social Security Act of 1935
included old-age pensions, unemployment relief, and aid to families with dependent children.
The New Deal concentrated power in the hands of
the executive branch
relied on large-scale government spending
Which phrase best describes Eleanor Roosevelt's tenure as First Lady?
redefined the role of First Lady, championing women's rights, civil, and human rights
What ended the Great Depression?
World War II spending
Very few Americans realized that the president who projected an image of vigorous leadership during the 1930s and World War II was confined to a wheelchair.
The administrators that Roosevelt chose for his cabinet reflected the conservative traditions of Coolidge and Hoover.
Eleanor Roosevelt was a very typical First Lady.
The Four Freedoms
were President Roosevelt's statement of the Allied war aims
The Good Neighbor Policy was directed at
As fascism rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930s, most Americans
supported U.S. neutrality.
December 7, 1941, is known as a "date that will live in infamy," referring to
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
"D-Day" refers to the:
Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy.
was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.
The Office of War Information
used radio, film, and press to give the war an ideological meaning
During the war, Americans:
experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline
"Rosie the Riveter":
refers to Norman Rockwell's image of a female industrial laborer.
The GI Bill of Rights
included scholarships for education and low-cost mortgage loans for veterans
Under the bracero program
Mexicans were encouraged to immigrate to America, but they were denied the right of citizenship
Government propaganda and war films portrayed the Japanese as:
bestial and subhuman.
Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is FALSE?
Once the FBI did background checks on individuals, they were free to leave the camps and return home
The double-V campaign was:
the effort to end discrimination against blacks while fighting fascism.
After the war, most of the women who had held defense jobs and wished to keep them were allowed to by their employers.
After World War II, the only nation that could rival the United States was
the Soviet Union.
According to the policy of containment, as laid out by George Kennan, the:
United States was committed to preventing the spread of communism.
The "Iron Curtain":
separated the free West from the communist East.
The Truman Doctrine
committed the United States to fighting communism anywhere.
was an alliance between the United States and several Western European countries
All of the following are enactments of the policy of containment EXCEPT
the Warsaw Pact
Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for
a permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.
The Korean War:
ended in a stalemate.
broke the color barrier in major league baseball.
Which civil rights measure was passed into law during Truman's administration?
desegregation of the armed forces
Who were the common victims of McCarthyism?
virtually anyone who refused to cooperate with the investigations.
Overall, despite good intentions the Marshall Plan was not very successful
The Berlin Airlift made it clear that Truman was determined to deny the Soviet Union any victories in the Cold War.
Generally speaking, economics and geopolitical interests motivated American foreign policy, but the language of freedom was used to justify America's actions.
Harry Truman's Fair Deal focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans.
Between 1946 and 1960, the American gross national product:
more than doubled, and wages increased.
￼￼￼￼￼After World War II, suburban growth:
increased dramatically, especially in places like Levittown and California.
William Levitt, coupled with the GI Bill, gave many Americans the opportunity to
buy a home.
After World War II, most working women:
were concentrated in low-paying, nonunion jobs such as clerical, sales, and service labor
During the 1950s, Americans:
on average married younger and had more children as compared to previous generations.
Modern Republicanism included:
the expansion of core New Deal programs.
The term used to describe developing countries that refused to align with either of the two Cold War powers was
"Third World countries."
The Eisenhower Doctrine pledged support:
to any Middle Eastern country resisting communism or nationalism.
Which Supreme Court decision did Brown overturn?
. Plessy v. Ferguson
In Brown v. Board of Education, what was Thurgood Marshall's main argument before the Supreme Court?
that segregation did lifelong damage to black children, undermining their self-esteem.
As a result of the Montgomery boycott in 1955-1956:
the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was illegal.
Martin Luther King Jr. was:
a civil rights leader and inspired by the teachings of Gandhi.
The emergence of a popular culture geared toward the emerging youth market suggested that significant generational tensions lay beneath the bland surface of 1950s life.
Which statement best describes how the white South reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
D. Some states closed the public schools, rather than integrate, and offered white children the choice to opt out of integrated schools.
The 1960 presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon:
highlighted the impact of television on political campaigns.