History 1320 exam 2

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Dr. Berlage

The Roosevelt Corollary:

claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.

On April 2, 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war:

against Germany, "to make the world safe for democracy."

The Fourteen Points attempted to:

provide a peace agenda to create a new democratic world order.

During World War I, federal powers

expanded greatly.

The Nineteenth Amendment:

barred states from using sex as a qualification for voting.

The Eighteenth Amendment:

prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.

The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918)

restricted freedom of speech

Eugenics is:

the study of the supposed mental characteristics of different races.

"Americanization"

refers to the process of assimilation.

W.E.B. Du Bois

founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

"The Great Migration" refers to:

blacks moving from the South to the North.

In response to the Russian Revolution that led to the creation of the communist Soviet Union, the United States

pursued a policy of anticommunism that would remain at the center of American foreign policy during the twentieth century.

How did World War I and the rhetoric of freedom shape the labor movement and workers' expectations?

The wartime language of democracy and freedom inspired hopes among American workers that social and economic justice was at hand.

Marcus Garvey launched a separatist movement, encouraging blacks to embrace their African heritage. T or F

True

The Red Scare was a short-lived but intense period of political intolerance inspired by the postwar strike wave and the social tensions and fears generated by the Russian Revolution. T of F

True

2
In the 1920s, movies, radios, and phonographs:

Helped create and spread a new celebrity culture.

The Flapper did what?

Epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior

During the 1920's, what happened with the government?

Government policies reflected the pro-business ethos of the decade

The Scopes trial of 1925 did what?

Pitted creationists against evolutionists

The KKK,

Flourished in the early 1920's, especially in the north and west

The 1924 Immigration Act did what?

Set quotas that favored immigration from the northern and western europe

Besides work and school, the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s were:

Dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters

The Harlem Renaissance included who?

it Included writers and poets such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay

In 1928, Herbert Hoover did what?

Won the presidency, primarily because of his sterling reputation and the general, apparent prosperity of the nation.

Pres Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by saying what?

Reassuring Americans that "the tide had turned"

Fundamentalists supported Prohibition, while others viewed it as a violation of individual freedom.
True or False

True

The Scopes trial was a national sensation, being carried live on national radio.
True or False

True

In the early twentieth century, the Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the South, targeting only blacks.
True or False

False

The term "New Negro" in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place.
True or False

True

During the 1920s, consumer goods,

were frequently purchased on credit

In his 1932 campaign for the presidency, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Americans a policy change he called the,

New Deal

The New Deal

included a reliance on economic planning.

what happened The National Industrial Recovery Act

established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.

The Civilian Conservation Corps did what?

put young men to work in national parks

During 1934, the great wave of labor strikes included all of the following groups EXCEPT:

dockworkers.
autoworkers.
textile workers.
truck drivers.
stockbrokers. (Answer)

Which statement best describes Huey Long, Upton Sinclair, and Dr. Francis Townsend?

They all challenged Roosevelt to move further to the left of center

The Works Progress Administration:

included projects in the arts

The Social Security Act of 1935:

included old-age pensions, unemployment relief, and aid to families with dependent children.

The New Deal concentrated power in the hands of what branch

Executive

Keynesian Economics relied on what

a Large scale government

Which phrase best describes Eleanor Roosevelt's tenure as First Lady?

redefined the role of First Lady, championing women's rights, civil, and human rights

What ended the Great Depression?

World War II Spending

Very few Americans realized that the president who projected an image of vigorous leadership during the 1930s and World War II was confined to a wheelchair.
True or False

True

The administrators that Roosevelt chose for his cabinet reflected the conservative traditions of Coolidge and Hoover.
True or False

False

Eleanor Roosevelt was a very typical First Lady
True or False

False

The Four Freedoms,

were Roosevelts statement of the allied war claims

The Good neighbor policy was directed at who?

Latin America

As fascism rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930s, most Americans supported what?

U.S. Neutrality

December 7, 1941, is known as a "date that will live in infamy," referring to:

the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

"D-Day" refers to the:

Allied invasion of Europe at Normanday

The Holocaust

was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.

The office of war information used

radio and film and press to give the war an ideological meaning

During the war, Americans

experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline

" Rosie The Riveter" refers to what?

Norman Rockwells Image of a female industrial laborer

The GI Bill of Rights included what?

Scholarships for education and low cost mortgage loans for veterans

Under the bracero program, mexicans...

were encouraged to immigrate to america, but they were denied the right of citizenship

Government propaganda and war films portrayed the Japanese as:

Bestial and subhuman

Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is FALSE?

A. The press supported the policy of internment almost unanimously.
B. The Supreme Court refused to intervene.
C. Japanese-Americans in Hawaii were exempt from the policy.
D. Japan used it as proof that America was racist toward nonwhite people.
E. Once the FBI did background checks on individuals, they were free to leave the camps and return home. (Answer)

The Double-V campaign was,

The effort to end discrimination against blacks while fighting facism

After the war, most of the women who had held defense jobs and wished to keep them were allowed to by their employers.
True or False

False

After World War II, the only nation that could rival the United States was

The Soviet Union

According to the policy of containment, as laid out by George Kennan, the:

United states was committed to preventing the spread of communism

The "Iron Curtain" did what?

separated the free West from the communist East.

The Truman Doctrine

committed the United States to fighting communism anywhere.

NATO was what?

An alliance b/t US and several Western European countries.

All of the following are enactments of the policy of containment EXCEPT:

A. the Truman Doctrine
B. the Marshall Plan
C. the Berlin Airlift
D. the Korean War
E. the Warsaw Pact (Answer)

Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for?

a permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.

How was the Korean War stopped?

Ended in a Stalement

Jackie Robinson did what

broke the color barrier in the MLB

Which civil rights measure was passed into law during Truman's administration?

Desegregation of armed forces

Who were the common victims of McCarthyism?

virtually anyone who refused to cooperate with the investigations.

Overall, despite good intentions the Marshall Plan was not very successful.
True or False

False

The Berlin Airlift made it clear that Truman was determined to deny the Soviet Union any victories in the Cold War.
True or False

True

Generally speaking, economics and geopolitical interests motivated American foreign policy, but the language of freedom was used to justify America's actions.
True or False

True

Harry Truman's Fair Deal focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans.
True or False

True

Between 1946 and 1960, the American gross national product:

more than doubled, and wages increased.

After World War II, suburban growth:

increased dramatically, especially in places like Levittown and California.

William Levitt, coupled with the GI Bill, gave many Americans the opportunity to

buy a home

After WWII, most working women,

were concentrated in low-paying, nonunion jobs such as clerical, sales, and service labor.

During the 1950's, Americans...

on average married younger and had more children as compared to previous generations

Modern Republicanism included what?

The expansion of core New Deal Programs

The term used to describe developing countries that refused to align with either of the two Cold War powers was:

"Third World Countries"

The Eisenhower Doctrine pledged support who?

Any middle Eastern country resisting communism or nationalism

What Supreme Court decision did Brown overturn?

Plessy v Ferguson

In Brown v. Board of Education, what was Thurgood Marshall's main argument before the Supreme Court?

that segregation did lifelong damage to black children, undermining their self-esteem.

As a result of the Montgomery boycott in 1955-1956:

the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was illegal.

MLK Jr. was,

a civil rights leader and inspired by the teachings of Gandhi.

The emergence of a popular culture geared toward the emerging youth market suggested that significant generational tensions lay beneath the bland surface of 1950s life.
True or False

True

Which statement best describes how the white South reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?

Some states closed the public schools, rather than integrate, and offered white children the choice to opt out of integrated schools.

The 1960 presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon:

Highlighted the impact of television on political campaigns

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