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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Medicare Act of 1965
  2. Civil Rights Act of 1964
  3. Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968
  4. Pendleton Act, 1883
  5. Clean Air Act, 1970
  1. a Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.
  2. b Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
  3. c Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
  4. d Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
  5. e Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
  2. Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.
  3. Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
  4. Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
  5. Created Social Security System still in use today, which provides old age benefits for retirees, disability, and survivor benefits for spouses and children. Also created Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), which was the welfare system until 1996, and unemployment insurance.

5 True/False Questions

  1. War Powers resolution, 1973Requires president to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostile situation; if Congress does not approve the action within 60 days, the troops must be brought home within an additional 30 days. Passed over President Nixon's veto in 1973; every president since then has regarded it as unconstitutional. Can be seen as an attempt on the part of Congress to take back some of its power to determine when to go to war (as it says in the Constitution), but it has been a failed attempt; in actuality, it codifies that the president can send troops for 48 hours without Congress's permission.

          

  2. Freedom of Information Act, 1966Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.

          

  3. Voting Rights Act of 1965Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.

          

  4. Presidential Succession Act of 1947Created Social Security System still in use today, which provides old age benefits for retirees, disability, and survivor benefits for spouses and children. Also created Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), which was the welfare system until 1996, and unemployment insurance.

          

  5. Administrative Procedure Act, 1946This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."

          

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