5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Civil Rights Act of 1957
- Endangered species Act, 1973
- Equal Pay Act of 1963
- Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968
- Clean Air Act, 1970
- a Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.
- b This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
- c Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
- d Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.
- e Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
- Established procedures for federal agencies to issue regulations (public notice, public comment period, public hearings).
- Created Social Security System still in use today, which provides old age benefits for retirees, disability, and survivor benefits for spouses and children. Also created Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), which was the welfare system until 1996, and unemployment insurance.
- Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
- Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
5 True/False questions
Freedom of Information Act, 1966 → Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
Judiciary Act of 1789 → Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 → Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 → Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
Hatch Act, 1939 → Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.