5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Judiciary Act of 1789
- Administrative Procedure Act, 1946
- Civil Rights Act of 1871
- Voting Rights Act of 1965
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- a Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
- b Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
- c Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
- d Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
- e Established procedures for federal agencies to issue regulations (public notice, public comment period, public hearings).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.
- Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
- Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
- Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
- Requires president to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostile situation; if Congress does not approve the action within 60 days, the troops must be brought home within an additional 30 days. Passed over President Nixon's veto in 1973; every president since then has regarded it as unconstitutional. Can be seen as an attempt on the part of Congress to take back some of its power to determine when to go to war (as it says in the Constitution), but it has been a failed attempt; in actuality, it codifies that the president can send troops for 48 hours without Congress's permission.
5 True/False Questions
Hatch Act, 1939 → Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.
Social Security Act of 1935 → Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
Endangered species Act, 1973 → This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 → Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.
Budget reform and Impoundment Act, 1974 → Requires both houses of Congress to approve president's decision not to spend funds as appropriated (rescission); also unifies congressional budget process with goal of restraining spending.