5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798
- Freedom of Information Act, 1966
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Endangered species Act, 1973
- Hatch Act, 1939
- a Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
- b Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.
- c Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
- d Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.
- e This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Designated order of succession should a president die in office or resign; after Vice President, the order is: Speaker of the House; President Pro Tem of the Senate; Secretary of State; followed by all other cabinet secretaries in the order in which their departments were created.
- Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
- Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
- Established procedures for federal agencies to issue regulations (public notice, public comment period, public hearings).
- Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
5 True/False Questions
Equal Pay Act of 1963 → Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
Pendleton Act, 1883 → Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
Judiciary Act of 1789 → Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968 → Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
Civil Rights Act of 1957 → Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.