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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Pendleton Act, 1883
  2. Social Security Act of 1935
  3. Civil Rights Act of 1964
  4. Clean Air Act, 1970
  5. Voting Rights Act of 1965
  1. a Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.
  2. b Created Social Security System still in use today, which provides old age benefits for retirees, disability, and survivor benefits for spouses and children. Also created Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), which was the welfare system until 1996, and unemployment insurance.
  3. c Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
  4. d Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
  5. e Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
  2. This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
  3. Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
  4. Commonly known just as Title IX, this law prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities at any institution receiving federal funds. Most commonly known for its effect on athletics, but it prohibits all types of gender discrimination in education.
  5. Designated order of succession should a president die in office or resign; after Vice President, the order is: Speaker of the House; President Pro Tem of the Senate; Secretary of State; followed by all other cabinet secretaries in the order in which their departments were created.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Civil Rights Act of 1871Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.

          

  2. Administrative Procedure Act, 1946Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.

          

  3. Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.

          

  4. Medicare Act of 1965Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.

          

  5. War Powers resolution, 1973Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.

          

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