Elements of Literature

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Plot

Events that make up a story

Exposition

Intro material which provides the opening parts/conditions of the story, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story

Exciting force

Event that trigger a conflict

Rising Action

Series of events that lead to the climax

Climax

The highest point of the story (has the most emotion and the most interesting)

Falling Action

Series of events that lead to the result

Resolution

The final unraveling of the plot, the final solution of the mystery.

Flat character

is one-sided and often stereotypical

Round character

one, who like a real person, has many different character traits, sometimes contradictory

Direction characterization

A characters qualities are fully state and by the author

Indirect characterization

reveals or describes characters and their personalities inferred from the text

Protagonist

the main character in a story

Antagonist

the character who works against the protagonist in the story

Dramatic Foil

character who is used as a contrast to another character

First person narrator

character in the story who tells the tale from his/her point of view

Third person objective

the narrator is not a character in the story and reports only what can be seen or heard

Third person limited

narrator sees the world through only one characters eyes and thoughts.

Omniscient

all-knowing

Conflict

opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)

Foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

Irony

a contrast between expectation and reality

Tone

the writer's attitude towards story events

Mood

The feeling evoked by the story by the writer's setting

Theme

The author's ideas about people in a story, novel, or poem

Symbolism

An object or character that has its own meaning but means something else

Imagery

The use of words to evoke the 5 senses

Allusion

A reference to a famous person or event in history

Onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds

Paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

Pun

A humorous play on words

Alliteration

the repetition of the same beginning sound

Assonance

the repetition of a vowel sound (beginning)

Hyperbole

an exaggeration

Consonance

repetition of consonant sounds

Anachronism

something out of place in time

Oxymoron

putting two contradictory words together

Personification

Giving an inanimate object human characteristics

Cliche

a word or phrase that is overused

Idiom

Words or phrases particular to a group of people

Dialect

The typical speech of a region or group

Synecdoche

using a part of something to represent the whole thing

Antithesis

an exact opposite; an opposite extreme

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