A large field which were enclosed in order to test new agricultrual ideas and methods
invented seed drill
the system of growing crops in different fields but leaving one field fallow in order for the soil to rejuvinate itself
The process of developing machine production fo goods
Factors of production
labor, land , and capital
invented flying shuttle
invented spinning jenny
invented the water frame
invented spinning mule
invented power loom
invented cotton gin
Utilitarianism judge by utility in market
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
invented the steam engine
invented the steam engine
someone who is willing to take risks in business
invented the steam boat
roads that you had to pay a toll to use
a place where machines were used to make products
steam engine on wheels
movement of people to cities
poor, run-down urban neighborhoods
limited working hours for children. limited to 10 hours
workeres who destoyed the machines because they thought the machines were taking their place
built the spinning machine fronm memory in the U.S.
opened the first factory in Rhode Island
Francis Cabot Lowell
manufactured cloth in Lowell which truned Lowell into a major textile town
founder of Standard Oil
founder of Carnegie Steel Company
a business owned by stock holders who share in its profits but are no personally responsible for its debts
Founder of the rail road
he wrote the Wealth of Nations and defended laissez-faire economics
he wrote An Essay on the Principal of the Population, argued that population grows faster than the food supply
he wrote the Principal of the Iron Law of Wages, argued that the more money people get the more kids they have which leads to poverty
John Stuart Mill
he believed in Utilitarianism. Tried to improve the lives of the workers, end class differences, prison reform
He build affordable housing near factories,improved working conditions, outlawed child labor
let the market regualte itslef by the laws of supply and demand
plitical philosophty founded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels stating that the proletariat would overthrow the bourgeoise and a classless soceity would be formed
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
a voluntary group of workers who align themselves based on their trade
when a union refuses to work
negotiations between workers and their employers
a law which required children to be over the age of nine to work, there was also a restriction on the length of the day
A law passed that prohibited women and children to work in mines
Ten Hours Act
A law which limited the work day to 10 hours for women and children
Fought for the the abolition of slavery in England
She ran settlement houses and was one of the earliest feminists
He supported free public education for everyone
Alex de Tocqueville
A French writer who supported prison reform.
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