photosynthesis/cellular respiration/fermentation

30 terms by Alifrieri

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nadph

energy transporter used in Calvin Cycle

nadp+

holds two high energy electrons along with a hydrogen ion, which converts into NADPH

atp

(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use for most of their work

adp

Similar structure to ATP but has only 2 phosphate groups. Partly charged

stroma

The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water.

thylakoid

saclike photosynthetic membrane found in chloroplasts

granum

stacks of thylakoids

calvin cycle

reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars

light reaction

The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process.

glucose

Sugar, Manufactured during photosynthesis, Main source of energy for plants and animals, Metabolized during cellular respiration

mitochondria

cellular organelles where cellular respiration occurs

chloroplast

organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy

pigment

a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color

fermentation

A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from glucose without an electron transport chain and that produces a characteristic end product, such as ethyl alcohol or lactic acid.

glycolysis

first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a molecule of glucose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid

lactic acid

waste product produced by Fermentation; causes muscles to be sore

alchohol

When yeast goes through anaerobic resparation, what comes out as a biproduct?

aerobic

process that requires oxygen

anaerobic

process that does not require oxygen.

stoma

a minute epidermal pore in a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor can pass

dynamic equilibrium

A condition that is stable within certain levels

respiration

the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules

glucose

C6H12O6

reactant

a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction

product

a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction

independent variable

the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

homeostasis

process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment

dependent variable

the outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

photosynthesis

6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2

cellular respiration

C6H12O6 + O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy

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