American Pageant

53 terms by GotMeat

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

John Calvin

1536, wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion, creating the basic tenants of Calvinism, from Geneva

Anne Hutchinson

Challenged Puritan Church, banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony, went to Rhode Island, then New York. Antinomianism = a holy is life is no sure sign of salvation, so no need to bother obeying the law of God or man

Calvinism

Predestination, God decided who was going to heaven before birth, good works could not save you, led by John Calvin

Roger Williams

Separatist, called for clean break with Church of England, challenged the legality of the Bay Colony's charter, denied authority of civil government to regulate religious behavior, escaped banishment by fleeing to Rhode Island

Mayflower Compact

Agreement by Pigrim leaders from Mayflower to form a crude government and to submit to the will of the majority under the regulations agreed upon

Pilgrims

Group of Separatists from Holland who negotiated with the Virginia Company to allow them to settle in New England to escape the Church of England, 1620, established Puritanism

Separatists

Group of extreme Puritans who vowed to break away from the Church of England

"visible saints"

those who, based on the beliefs of Calvinism, are predestined by God, and therefore lead holy lives to demonstrate this fact

predestination

The idea that, since the moment of creation, some souls, the elect, have been destined for eternal bliss, others for eternal torment

The "elect"

Those souls who had, from the first moment of creation, been destined for eternal bliss

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1629, formed when a group of non-Separatist Puritans got a royal charter, with Boston as capital. Became largest and most influential New England outpost

John Winthrop

First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, believed he had a "calling" from God to govern, "city on a hill"

Freemen

Adult males who belonged to the Puritan congregations

General Court

Representative assembly elected by the freemen in Massachusetts Bay Colony

"Protestant work ethic"

Serious commitment to work and to engagement in worldly pursuits

Thomas Hooker

Preacher, led group of Boston Puritans to Hartford, CT in 1836

Fundamental Orders

Basically a modern constitution, established a regime democratically controlled by the "substantial" citizens, 1839

Middle colonies

Includes PA, NY, & NJ, midway between New England and South in respects of landholdings, government, and industry & most diverse population

Quakers

AKA Religious Society of Friends, arose in England in mid-1600s

William Penn

Est. asylum for his fellow Quakers in 1681, called area Pennsylvania (Penn's Woodland)

Dominion of New England

1686: Royal authority combined MA, RI, NH, & CT, headed by a royal governor, aimed at bolstering colonial defense against Indians & promoted efficiency of the English Navigation Laws

New England Confederation

Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, New Haven, and other CT settlements banded together for defense against the French, Dutch, and Indians while Britain was at war. Also dealt with runaway servants or criminals. Each colony = 2 votes

Protestant Reformation

religious reform that swept across Europe for more than a century. Ignited by Martin Luther. Influenced John Calvin.

John Cotton

Criticized the Church of England, fled to Massachusetts Bay Colony, defended government's duty to enforce religious rules

Puritans

Group of English religious reformers who wanted a total purification of English Christianity. Later moved to the Netherlands, then to America on the Mayflower.

Bread colonies

Middle colonies dubbed this for high export of grain

Sir Edmund Andros

Disliked governor of the Dominion of New England 1686-1692

Navigation Laws

Series of laws that restricted the colonies' foreign trade starting in 1651

Glorious Revolution

1688-1689 King James II left peacefully when Parliament asked him to resign, William III & Mary II took the throne without any war or bloodshed, other-throws Dominion of New England

Dutch East India Company

Chartered joint-stock company that controlled the spice trade in the East Indies

Henry Hudson

Made Dutch claim to Hudson River, NY, and DE Bay

Dutch West India Company

Dutch investment company formed in 1621 with outposts in North America & Africa and a sugar industry in Brazil

New Netherland

Est in 1623-1624 by Dutch West India Company for fur trade in Hudson River area

New Amsterdam

Run by and for Dutch company in interest of the stockholders with a cosmopolitan population

New Sweden

Swedes colony from 1638-1655 planted on Delaware River trespassing the Dutch preserves

Peter Stuyvesant

Led small Dutch military expedition in 1655 to get rid of New Sweden

Duke of York

Granted by Charles II the area of New Amsterdam in 1664, thereupon renamed New York

New York

Had disproportionate power, monopolistic land policies, & lordly atmosphere that retarded physical growth

Chief Tammany

Indian who sold land to William Penn

Blue Laws

prevented "ungodly revelers" from staging plays, playing cards, dice, games, and excessive hilarity

Lord De La Warr

Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians

Delaware

Granted own assembly in 1703 but remained under governor of PA until American Revolution

Lord John Berkeley

Sold West New Jersey in 1674 to William Penn and Quakers

Sir George Carteret

Him and Berkeley got half of NJ, his widow sold East New Jersey to William Penn and Quakers

Rhode Island

1636: Roger Williams founded, granted religious freedom for all & universal suffrage

Conneticut

1635: Dutch & English settlers founded, adopted Fundamental Orders (1st written Constitution)

Maine

After several ill-fated attempts at colonization in 1623 by Sir Ferdinando Gorges, it was added to the MA Bay Colony, home to mostly fishermen

Residue of Dominion

1691, MA made a royal colony, could no longer restrict vote to church-goers, more English officials with more power

Charles II

King of England, against Puritans, pro-Church of England, punished Bay Colony by revoking charter, 1684, gave William Penn land grant, 1861

Plymouth

Original colony formed by the Pilgrims in 1620

William Bradford

Second governor of the Plymouth Colony, in office for a total of 30 years, helped colony survive in America

Conversion

Religious experience where God reveals to member of "elect" that he is predestined for heaven

New Hampshire

1641, added to Bay Colony

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set