Social Studies Vocab Set One

33 terms by kjtay

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social sanctions

rewards or punishment that encourage conformity to social norms

socialization

the process of learning to participate in a group

sociological imagination

the ability to see the link between society and self

stereotype

a distorted, exaggerated, or oversimplified image applied to a category of people

symbol

anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it

values

broad ideas about what is good and desirable shared by people in society

appeasement

Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.

autonomous

Self-governing.

dictator

An absolute ruler.

dissident

A person who speaks out against the regime in power.

aristocracy

An upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another.

guerilla

A person who uses unexpected maneuvers like sabatoge and subterfuge to fight an enemy

disarmament

A limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons.

nationalism

The unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols.

propaganda

Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.

reparation

Payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war.

socialism

A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.

totalitarian

A government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens.

absolute location

The exact position of a place on the earth's surface.

cultural hearth

A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.

ecosystem

The complex community of interdependent living things in a given environment.

ethnic group

Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics.

functional region

A central point and the surrounding territory linked to it.

indigenous

Native to a place.

interdependent

Relying on one another for goods, services, and ideas.

population density

The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.

population distribution

The pattern of population in a country, a continent, or the world.

region

A place united by specific characteristics.

rural

Of or relating to people who live in the country.

subsistence agriculture

Producing just enough food for a family or a village to survive.

urban

Of or located in the city.

supply

the amount of a product that would be offered for sale at all possible prices that could prevail in the market.

standard of living

the quality of life based on the possession of necessities and luxuries that make life easier.

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