Compound Words, Suffixes, Prefixes & Root Words

169 terms by shell123 

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Idiopathic

Idio/Pathic

Arthrology

Arthro/logy

Angiography

Angio/graphy

Protoplasm

Proto/plasm

Neoplasm

Neo/Plasm

Microscope

Micro/scope

Craniotomy

Cranio/tomy

Morphology

Morpho/logy

Hysterosalpingography

Hytero/salpingo/graphy

Centesis

Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid

ectomy

excision of an organ or a part

lysis

process of loosening, freeing or destroying

plasty

surgical repair

pexy

surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)

-algia

Pain

-cele

hernia

-edema

swelling, excess fluids

-emesis

vomiting

-itis

inflammation

-logy

study of

-malacia

soft, softening

-main

excessive, preoccupation

-megaly

englargement

-oma

tumor or mass

-osis

condition

-pathy

disease

-penia

deficiency

-phobia

abnormal fear

-plasia

development or function of

-ptosis

prolapse

-rrhage, rrhagia

excessive bleeding

-rrhea

flow or discharge

-rrhexis

rupture

-spasm

twitching, cramp

-scopy

visual exam with a lighted instrument

-stomy

formation of an opening

-tome

in instrument used for cutting

-tomy

the operation of cutting; incision

-tripsy

surgical crushing

prefix- a/an

prefix meaning: without

prefix- ante

prefix meaning: before

prefix- aterio

prefix meaning: relationship to arteries

prefix- bi, di

prefix meaning: two

prefix- chol

prefix meaning: bile or biliary

prefix- dys

prefix meaning: bad, painful or abnormal

prefix- epi

prefix meaning: upon

prefix- endo

prefix meaning: within / inside

prefix- erythro

prefix meaning: red

prefix- extra

prefix meaning: ouside of

prefix- hemi, semi

prefix meaning: half, partly

prefix- hemo

prefix meaning: blood

prefix- hepat/o

prefix meaning: liver

prefix- hyper

prefix meaning: overactive / increased function

prefix- hypo

prefix meaning: under active or reduced in function

prefix- hyster

prefix meaning: uterus

prefix- inter

prefix meaning: between

prefix- intra

prefix meaning: within

prefix- macro

prefix meaning: large

prefix- mamm, mast

prefix meaning: breast

prefix- micro

prefix meaning: small

prefix- mono, uni

prefix meaning: one

prefix- multi, poly

prefix meaning: many

prefix- myo

prefix meaning: muscle

prefix- neuro

prefix meaning: relationship to a nerve

prefix- nulli

prefix meaning: having no value

prefix- peri

prefix meaning: around

prefix- pneumo

prefix meaning: air, breath or lung

prefix- primi

prefix meaning: first

prefix- pyelo

prefix meaning: pelvis of the kidney

prefix- quad, quadric, tetra

prefix meaning: four

prefix- thrombo

prefix meaning: relationship to clot formation

prefix- tri

prefix meaning: three

prefix- vao/o

prefix meaning: vessel

root word: aer/o

Root Word Meaning: air
Word Association: Aerobiosis, life requireing free oxygen

Root word: amyl/o

Root Word Meaning: starch
Word Association: amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch

Root word: blast/o

Root Word Meaning: embryonic
Word Association: Blastogenesis, development of an individual

Root word: blephar/o

Root Word Meaning: eyelid
Word Association: Blepharoptosis is sagging of the upper eyelid.

Root word: Cardi/o

Root Word Meaning: heart
Word Association: a cardiac arrest is a heart attack

root word: chir/o

Root Word Meaning: hand
Word Association: writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm

root word: crypt/o

Root Word Meaning: hidden
Word Association: cryptogenic, obscure or doubtful origin

root word: cry/o

Root Word Meaning: cold
Word Association: cryoablation, removal of tissue with extreme cold

root word: fibr/o

Root Word Meaning: fiber
Word Association: fibrous, containing, consisting of, or resembling fiber.

root word: glyc/o

Root Word Meaning: sugar
Word Association: Hypoglycemia, blood sugar levels to low

root word: hemat/o

Root Word Meaning: blood
Word Association: Hematocyturia, is presence of blood in the urine.

root word: lact/o

Root Word Meaning: milk
Word Association: lactation is the secretion of milk

root word: lip/o

Root Word Meaning: fat
Word Association: lipids are fats or fatlike materials

root word: lith/o

Root Word Meaning: stone calculus
Word Association: Lithocystotomy, incision of the bladder to remove stones

root word: muc/o

Root Word Meaning: mucus
Word Association: Mucus membranessecrete mucus

root word: myc/o

Root Word Meaning: fungus
Word Association: Mycology is the science and study of fungi

root word: optic/o

Root Word Meaning: vision
Word Association: Optical refers to vision. Optometrist examines the eyes.

root word: orth/o

Root Word Meaning: straight, normal
Word Association: Orthopedics, restoration of the skeletal system.

root word: oste/o

Root Word Meaning: bone
Word Association: Osteoarthritis, type of arthritis, involves bones and joints

root word: pharmac/o

Root Word Meaning: drugs/ meds
Word Association: Medicines dispenced from a pharmacy

root word: phon/o

Root Word Meaning: voice
Word Association: Phonocardiography, graphic representation of heart sounds

root word: prote/o

Root Word Meaning: protein
Word Association: Proteinuria, excessive proteins in urine

root word: Pyr/o

Root Word Meaning: fire
Word Association: Pyromaniacs enjoy setting fires, or watching them.

root word: therm/o

Root Word Meaning: heat
Word Association: thermometer, used to determine temperatures.

Acute

meaning: a short term condition of a severe nature

Aneurysm

meaning: A dilation or sac formed in the walls of an artery or vein

Anterior

meaning: located in front of

Apnea

meaning: Cessation of the breathing impulse

Arteriography

meaning: Radiographic examination of the arterial system by introduction of contrast media

Asymptomatic

meaning: showing no symptoms

Atrophy

A defect or failure of nutrition manifested as a wasting away in the size of a cell, tissue or organ.

Atelectasis

Incomplete expansion of the lung at birth or collapse of the adult lung

Bilateral

Of, pertaining to or having two sides: affecting both sides equally

Bronchiestasis

abnormal dilation or expansion of the bronchial tree

Cardioangiography

Recore of the blood vessels of the heart

Chronic

A condition of long duration not usually severe. The opposite of acute

Cyanosis

Any bluish discoloration of the skin, nail beds and/or lips due to an oxygen dificiency or blood flow dificiency.

Dextrocardia

Transposition of the heart to the right side of the thorax.

Distal

Located far from the origin or line of attachment

Dysplasia

Abnormal development

Dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing

Erythema

A general redness of the skin due to capillary rupture.

Fibrosis

(pulmonary) thickening of fibrous tissue of the lung

Hematoma

an abnormal localized collection of the blood in which the blood is clotted or partially clotted.

Hemoglobin

The O2 carrying red pigment of the red blood cells

Hydrocephalus

Abnormal volume of intracranial fluid

Hypertrophic

Increased growth

Hypertrophy

Enlargement of an organ such as the heart seen in certain diseases.

Hypoxia

Low oxygen content or tension

Inferior

Situated under or beneath

Medial

relating to, situated in or extending towards the middle; closest to midline.

Myocarditis

Inflammation of the myocardium

orthopnea

inability to breath unless in an upright position

Pneumothorax

An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that may occur spontaneously, as a result of trauma, pathological process, or can be introduced deliberately- either traumatic (caused by injury) or spontaneous (caused by a weak area in the lung wall called blebs).

proximal

Nearest, closest to

reflux

a backward or reverse flow (of fluids)

Reguargitatin

The backward flowing of blood into the heart or beween the chambers of the heart.

Stenosis

A constriction of any tubular structure

Subluxation

Partial or incomplete dislocation of bony structures

Superior

Located above, higher

Syndrome

A group of symptoms that occur together regularly for example: Weakness, nausea, fever, 3 day flu syndrome

Tracheo-Esophageal fistula-

an opening between the trachea and esophagus. This condition allows the ingestion of food into the lungs.

Abbreviation: a`

abbreviation meaning: pre

abbreviation: ABD

abbreviation meaning: Abdomen

abbreviation: ASAP

abbreviation meaning: As soon as possible

abbreviation: C

abbreviation meaning: Centrigrade

abbreviation: -c

abbreviation meaning: with

abbreviation: cc

abbreviation meaning: cubic centimeter

abbreviation: CHF

abbreviation meaning: congestive heart failure

abbreviation: cm

abbreviation meaning: centimeter

abbreviation: COPD

abbreviation meaning: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

abbreviation: CS

abbreviation meaning: Cervical Spine

abbreviation: EEG

abreviation meaning: Electroencephalogram

abreviation: ECG/EKG

abreviation meaning: Electrocardiogram

abreviation: F

Fahrenheit

abreviation: FLK

Flank

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