The Respiratory System (Chapter 7)

55 terms by celinaperezlerch 

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-ectasis

enlargement

laryng/o

voice box

bronch/o

windpipe

cyan/o

blue

atel/o

incomplete

pneum/o

lung

ox/o

oxygen

pleur/o

pharyng/o

pharyng/o

throat

phon/o

voice

trache/o

windpipe

tachy

rapid

pulmon

lung

thorax

chest

-pnea

breathing

The heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea are located in the ___________.

mediastinum

The __________ acts as a lid over the entrance to the esophagus.

epiglottis

The innermost layer of a pleura is known as the ________ ______.

visceral pleura

The _______ sinuses are located just above the eyes.

frontal

The smallest divisions of the bronchial tree are the ___________.

bronchioles

During respiration, the exchange of gases takes place through the walls of the _______.

alveoli

The term meaning spitting blood or blood-stained sputum is __________.

hemoptysis

Grinder's disease is the lay term for _________.

silicosis

The term _________ means an abnormally rapid rate of respiration.

tachypnea

The term meaning any vocie impairment is _________.

dysphonia

nasopharynx

first division of the pharynx

oropharynx

second division of the pharynx

laryngopharynx

third division of the pharynx

larynx

voice box

trachea

windpipe

The exchange of gases within the cells of the body is known as ________.

internal

The term that describes the lung disease caused by cotton, flax, or hemp dust is __________.

byssinosis

The form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination is _________ pneumonia.

bacterial

The term commonly known as shortness of breath is _______.

dyspnea

The emergency procedure to gain access below a blocked airway is called a ___________.

tracheotomy

The thick mucus secreted by the tissues that line the respiratory passages is called ______.

phlegm

The medical term meaning an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is _______.

empyema

the medical name for the disease commonly known as the whooping cough is _________.

pertussis

The medical term for the condition commonly known as TB is ____________.

tuberculosis

One of the terms used to describe the common cold is _______________.

nasopharyngitis

upper respiratory infection

URI

sudden infant death syndrome

SIDS

smoker's respiratory syndrome

SRS

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPD

acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARDS

The term meaning the act of drawing a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract is __________.

aspiration

The term meaning abnormally rapid deep breathing is ________________.

hyperventilation

The term meaning the surgical repair of the trachea is _____________.

tracheoplasty

The diaphragm is relaxed during __________.

exhalation

Durign a/an ______ attack, the muscles of the airways contract.

asthma

The term meaning an absence of spontaneous respiration is _____.

apnea

The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx is a/an ____________.

laryngospasm

The term meaning the escape of fluid into a body cavity is ________.

effusion

The term meaning pain in the pleura or side is _________.

pleuralgia

The term meaning bleeding from the lungs is ______________.

pneumorrhagia

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