Powers that the Constitution gives to both the national and state governments, such as the power to levy taxes
Cooperation among federal, state, &local govts; "marble cake" federalism
developed during President Lyndon Johnson's administration, it was characterized by the Great Society programs, which placed a major responsibility on federally funded programs.
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
a provision in a law that confers on appropriate officials the power to implement or enforce the law
Those powers that can be exercised by the National Government alone
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
full faith and credit
first words of Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, which requires states to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings" of all the other states
Funds made available by Congress to the state and local governments for expenditure in accordance with prescribed standards and conditions
activities, problems, and policies that require state governments to interact with one another
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government
An agreement among two or more states. Congress must approve most such agreements.
obligation of states to return people accused of a crime to the state from which they fled (extradition)
Constitutional doctrine that whenever conflict occurs between the constitutionally authorized actions of the national government and those of a state or local government, the actions of the federal government prevail.
necessary and proper clause
Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
the authority of each state to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals and general welfare of its people
privileges and immunities
guarantees that "citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens" in any other state in the United States
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
several enumerated powers added together result in another power
belief that because the states created the United States, individual states have the power to nullify federal laws
Last amendment in the Bill of Rights that states that any powers not given to the national government will be given to the individual states. "RESERVED POWERS"
Permits the sale, manufacture, transport of intoxicating beverages in the United States.
McCulloch v. Maryland
upheld national bank rights to exist and be free from state taxes
Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by Washington
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes or "categories," of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions. Compare to block grants.
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
A requirement the federal government imposes as a condition for receiving federal funds
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of Article I
Powers specifically given to Congress in the Constitution; including the power to collect taxes, coin money, regulate foreign and interstate commerce, and declare war.
The constitutional provision (Article VI) that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.