Soc, 1010 Master Ch. 9

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Former colonized nations are kept in a subservient postion, subject to foreign domination, through the process of _______.

neocolonialism

Drawing on the conflict perspective, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein's _______ _______ _______ views the global economic system as one divided between nations that control wealth (core nations) and those from which capital is taken (periphery nations).

world systems analysis

According to _______ _______, even as developing countries make economic advances, they remain weak and subservient to core nations and corporations in an increasingly integrated global economy.

dependency theory

_______, or worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas, is a controversial trend that critics blame for contributing to the cultural dominations of periphery nations by core nations.

Globalization

Borderlands

the area of common culture along the border between Mexicon and the United States

Colonialism

the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for and extended period

Dependency theory

an approach that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gain

Globalization

the worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas

Human rights

universal moral rights possessed by all people because they are human

Modernization

the far-reaching process by which periphery nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies

Modernization theory

a functionalist approach that proposes that modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of people in developing nations

Multinational corporation

a commerical organizaton that is headquartered in one country but does business throughout the world

Neocolonialism

continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries

Remittances

the monies that immigrants return to their families of orgin, also called migradollars

World systems analysis

a view of the global economic system as one divided between certain industrialized nations that control wealth and developing countries that are controlled and exploited

The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period of time is referred to as.....?

colonialism

In viewing the global economic system as divided between nations that control wealth and those that are controlled and exploited, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on the.....?

the conflict perspective

Which nation would Immanuel Wallerstein classify as a core country within the world economic system?

Germany

Which sociological perspective argues that multinational corporations can actually help the developing nations of the world?

the functionalist perspective

Which term is used by contemporary social scientists to describe the far-reaching process by which peripheral nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies?

modernization

In at least 22 nations around the world, the most affluent 10 percetn receives at least what percentage of all income?

40 percent

Karuna Chanana Ahmed, and anthropologist from India who has studied developing nations, calls which group the most exploited of oppressed people?

women

Which term is used to refer to Mexico's large, impoverished majority, most of whom have brown skin and a mixed racial lineage due to intermarriage?

mestizo

In Mexico, women now constitute what percentage of the labor force?

45 percent

Which term refers to the foreign-owned factores established just across the border in Mexico, where the companies that own them don't have to pay taxes or provide insurance or benefits for their workers?

maquiladoras

Colonial domination established patterns of economic exploitation leading to former colonies remaining dependent on more industrialized nations. Such continuing dependence and foreign dominaiton are referred to as _______.

neocolonialism

According to Immanuel Wallerstein's analysis, the United States is at the _______ while neighboring Mexico is on the _______ of the world economic system.

core; semiperiphery

Wallerstein's world systems analysis is the most widely used version of _______ theory.

dependency

_______ factories are factories found throughout the developing world that are run by multinational corporations.

Global

As _______ industries become a more important part of the international marketplace, many companies have concluded that the low costs of overseas operations more than offset the expense of transmitting information around the world.

service

Viewed from a(n) _______ perspective, the combination of skilled technology and management provided by multinationals and the relatively cheap labor available in developing nations is ideal for a global enterprise.

functionalist

In 2000 the Unied Nations launched the _______ _______; its objective is to elimanate extreme poverty worldwide by the year 2015.

Millennium Project

Modernization theory reflects the ______ perspective.

functionalist

At the top of the color hierarchy in Mexico are the _______, the 10 percent of the population who are typically White, well-educated members of the business and intellectual elites, and who have familial roots in Spain.

criollos

The term ______ refers to the area of a common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.

borderlands

According to world systems analysis, a periphery nation is a nation that .....?

is a poor, developing nation exploited by more powerful nations and corporations, such as Honduras and Ethiopia

The impoverished majority in Mexico are referred to as the.....?

mestizos

The notion that peripheral nations move from having traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed nations is known as .....?

modernization theory

What is more prevalent in developing nations than in industrialized nations?

population

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that multinational corporations help create social stability within a society by creating jobs and global enterprise?

the functionalist perspective

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that the existence of unregulated maquiladoras in Mexico has led to the exploitation of workers with jobs that lack security, possibilities for advancement, and decent wages?

the conflict perspective

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