Chapter 3 Study Guide

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What is Alopecia?

hair loss (balding)

What are the common methods of the physical examination?

inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, mensuration, manipulation (p. 96-97)

What is Hirsutism?

a condition where women have excessive facial and body hair that is dark and coarse

In the Fowler's Position, what is the angle the table positioned?

a 90° angle (p. 102)

What is the instrument used to measure body fat?

Calipers (p. 97)

What kind of information should be on the patient intake form?

demographic information, name, address, sex, age, DOB, education, occupation, social security number, insurance information, ethnic or racial background, marital status, number of children, nearest relative, and any financial agreement with the facility at the time of service. (p. 89)

What is the difference between an open-ended question and a close-ended question?

open-ended questions are designed to encourage a full, meaningful answer using the subject's own knowledge and/or feelings, (why?,how?, where?)
Close-ended questions encourage a short or single-word answer. (p. 90)

How do you label "No Known Allergies"?

NKA or NKDA (No Known Drug Allergies) (p. 91, procedure 3)

What kinds of things are not included in the physical exam?

laboratory or diagnostic tests, such as blood work and/or x-rays (p. 98)

What is the name of the equipment that is used to clean recessed areas, to apply medications and lubricant, and to obtain specimens from the throat and other orifices?

cotton-tipped swabs (sterile and non-sterile) (p. 95, table 1)

At what temperature do most medical offices keep the thermostat?

71° F to 73° F (p. 88)

In the Semi-Fowler's Position, at what angle is the table positioned?

a 45° angle (p 102)

Which of the following should a Medical Assistant handle first, to ensure examination room safety, a broken drawer, a sharp-edge on the countertop, or a broken hinge on a door?

a sharp edge (p. 88)

Which patient should the Medical Assistant never use "baby-talk" on?

the adolescent (p. 100)

What is the name of the instrument used to hold open the walls of the vagina?

vaginal speculum (p. 100)

What is the name of the test used to determine respiratory function, measure lung volume, and gas exchange?

Pulmonary Function Test (p. 108, table 3)

What is turgor?

refers to the resistance of the skin when grasped between fingers. (p. 110)

What is the name of the instrument used to examine the interior of the eye, especially the retina?

Ophthalmoscope (p. 92)

What are the questions used to obtain more complete information on the chief complaint?

what?, when?, where? (p. 90)

What is the name of the chart used to test the patient's distance vision?

the Snellen Chart (p. 99, table 2/ 110)

What is the name of the supply used to preserve slides?

fixative spray (p. 95, table 1)

Palpation is used to determine, what?

unusual tenderness, size, shape, and texture of accessible underlying organs and other tissues ( p. 96)

Who is responsible for cleaning the examination room for the next patient?

The medical assistant (p. 86)

Every entry must be — and — by the person writing in the record?

dated and initialed (p. 112, Guidelines 1, step 4)

What is the term used for disposable items used for patient examination and treatment?

supplies (p. 93)

What is the difference between inspection and percussion?

inspection is the visual examination of the exterior surface of the body, while percussion is used to gain information about the position and size of the underlying body parts (p. 96-97)

The Medical Assistant should label and document specimens as soon as possible?

True

The medical personal may come and go after identifying themselves without knocking each time?

False

If a Medical Assistant witnesses any unsafe situation, he/she should do, what?

take care of the situation immediately (p. 88)

Who performs the physical examination?

the physician (p. 95)

Examination rooms must follow the standards required by, whom?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (p. 87-88)

Name of the instrument used to measure blood pressure?

Sphygmomanometer (p. 93)

What is an goniometer?

an instrument used to measure the range of motion (ROM) of a joint (p. 97)

Should there be any evidence of the previous patient in the examination room?

No (p. 86)

What should you do with the biohazardous containers?

All biohazardous containers should be closed, and if full, the bag should be sealed and removed from the room to the appropriate holding area. (p. 86)

Who is responsible for diagnosing the patient?

the physician (p. 98)

What is the name of the wooden instrument used to hold down the patient's tongue?

a tongue depressor (p. 93)

What is the common sequence for an examination?

skin, hair, nails, head, neck, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, throat, arms, heart, chest, lungs, breast, abdomen, genitalia, rectum, legs, feet, neurological system (p. 107)

What are the six common methods for the physical examination?

inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, mensuration, manipulation (pp. 96-97)

What is the method that is the process of passively assessing the range of motion (ROM)?

manipulation (p. 97)

What kind of information is in an inventory system?

-list of supplies used in the facility
-each supplier's name, addresses, telephone numbers, and contact person
-amount of each supply used monthly
-how often to reorder (p. 95)

What does CBC stand for?

Complete Blood Count (p. 108, table 3)

Name of the spray used to preserve slides?

Fixative Spray (.p. 95, table 1)

In the Fowler's Position, that patient is doing what?

sitting on the examination table with the head of the table raised to a 90° angle (p. 102)

What is the Medical Assistant's role in assisting the physician?

-position and drape the patient for examination
-hand instruments, equipment, and other medical supplies to the physician
-document and label specimens
-offer reassurance to the patient
-act as a witness to the behavior of the physician and the patient
-carryout treatment plans
-schedule diagnostic test as directed by the physician (p. 98)

What are the names of the instruments used to examine the nose?

Otoscope and nasal speculum (p. 99, table 2)

What must be used to protect the surgical area from contamination and to provide a sterile surface for instruments, suture materials, and dressings?

Sterile drapes (p 100)

What are the special tools used in mensuration?

scale, tape measure, and calipers (p. 96)

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