First Vice President
an example that would become standard practice
the highest federal court in the United States
Federal Judiciary Act
act that gave the Supreme Court 1 Chief Justice and 5 associate justices
guy that Washington appointed Chief Justice
President appoints them, advisers to the president; is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States.
Secretary of War, trusted general during the Revolution, oversaw the nation's defenses
Secretary of State, had been serving as US minister to France, oversaw relations between the United States and other countries
Secretary of Treasury, had to manage the government's money
Attorney General, advised government on legal matters
a tax on imported goods
Stick to literal word meaning of the Constitution
A way of INTERPRETING the Constitution that allows the Federal Gov't to take actions THAT the Constitution doesn't forbid it from taking.
Bank of the United States
the national bank that the government deposited money from taxes into and issued paper money, started in 1791 by Hamilton
guard or protect
Chief of the Miami who led a Native American alliance that raided U.S. settlements in the Northwest Territory. He was defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Greenville. Later, he became an advocate for peace
Arthur St. Clair
Beaten by Little Turtle; worst defeat ever by Indians
A General, nicknamed "Mad Anthony". Beat Northwest Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. Left British made arms on the fields of battle. After that the Treaty of Greenville in 1795 led to the Indians ceding their claims to a vast tract in the Ohio Country.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Post-revolution war, British instogate Native American attacks, but "Mad" Anthony Wayne defeats them in Ohio Valley and gets the Greenville treaty, which cedes Native American land in Ohio Valley to U.S.
Treaty of Greenville
This treaty between the Americans and the Native Americans. In exchange for some goods, the Indians gave the United States territory in Ohio. Anthony Wayne was the American representative.
To give up
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
General who, along with Alexander Hamilton, ended the Whiskey Rebellion
the revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799.
one who does not side with any party in a war or dispute
got sent to England for talks about seizure of US ships
Was made up by John Jay. It said that Britain was to pay for Americans ships that were seized in 1793. It said that Americans had to pay British merchants debts owed from before the revolution and Britain had agreed to remove their troops from the Ohio Valley
free navigation of the miss river right to deposet goods new orleans no customs no more indian attacks
Referred to as Washington's Farewell Address. Its main points included: assuming leadership in the Western Hemisphere, developing its own trade, and not entering into permanent alliances with foreign nations, especially with Europe.
a policy governing international relations
is a group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government
2nd president of the US
2nd Vice President of the US
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
Alien and Sedition Acts
These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798: the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years; the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens; the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at was with the US; and the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials. The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives. The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
immigrants living in the country who were not citizens
saying or writing anything false or harmful about the government
according to this theory, states had the rights that the federal government could not violate