Chapter 33 - Part 1 - Diabetes Mellitus: Overview and Types 1 and 2

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Cypress College HS 147 -Survey of Disease - Chapter 33 Essentials of Pathophysiology by Carol Porth - 3rd edition

Diabetes Mellitus

A group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, wither because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced

Diabetes Mellitus

Also referred to as diabetes

A group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, wither because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced

Diabetes Mellitus

diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus also referred to as _____________

Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

-Occurs primarily in children and young adults
-Results in damage or destruction of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas

Occurs primarily in children and young adults

Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 1

Results in damage or destruction of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas

Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 2

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

-Polyuria
-Polyphagia
-Polydipsia
-Hyperglycemia
-Glycosuria
-Peripheral neurovascular problems
-Diabetic retinopathy

Polyuria

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 1

Polyphagia

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 2

Polydipsia

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 3

Hyperglycemia

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 4

Glycosuria

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 5

Peripheral neurovascular problems

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM):6

Diabetic retinopathy

Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 7

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

-More common type
-More commonly occurs in older overweight and obese adults
+Is now being seen in obese children
-Insulin secretion is normal or increased
+Tissues insensitive of insulin
+Inadequate response to insulin

More common type

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 1

More commonly occurs in older overweight and obese adults but is now being seen in obese children

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 2

Insulin secretion is normal or increased

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3

Tissues insensitive of insulin

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3. Insulin secretion is normal or increased
a. _____________

Inadequate response to insulin

Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3. Insulin secretion is normal or increased
b. _____________

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