Arch of the aorta
The most superior portion of the aorta, lying between
the ascending and descending segments of the aorta
Branches off the left ventricle; carries oxygen rich blood to parts of the body above the heart
picks up electrical impulse from the SA node and causes ventricles to contract, causing blood to move into arteries
a major artery, arising from the arch of the aorta, that supplies blood to the right arm and the head.
Vein formed by the union of the jugular and subclavian veins above the heart. Carries deoxygenated blood to right atrium of heart.
The first artery to branch off of the aorta, posterior to the diaphragm. It carries blood to the stomach, pancreas, and spleen.
Deep to the inferior vena cava; the largest artery of the body; carries blood away from the heart down the midline of the body
External carotid artery
Supplies blood to the anterior parts of the scalp, ear, face, neck, and sides of head
an oval depression on the interatrial septum that is the remains of an opening of the fetal heart that normally closes soon after birth
Internal carotid artery
the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain and eyes and internal parts of the head
Left AV valve
the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle; the mitral valve or bicuspid valve
the chamber on the left side of the heart that receives arterial blood from the left atrium and pumps it into the aorta
pull on the chordae tendinae preventing cusps from swinging back into the right atrium
the start of the pulmonary circuit, vessel that leaves the right ventricle and routes blood to the lungs where gas exchange occurs.
any of four veins that carry arterial blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters
the right upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the venae cavae and coronary sinus
the chamber on the right side of the heart that receives venous blood from the right atrium and pumps it into the pulmonary trunk
Superior mesenteric artery
originates from the upper part of the aorta that supplies the small intestines and the cecum and the colon