Peery review... feel free to edit

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Why was the Nile-o-meter important to the society and architecture of Egypt?

It allowed scribes to make predictions

Highway of Ancient Egyptian era?

The Nile River

Architectural progress grew through _______ and __________

trial, error

How did architects protect pyramids from robbers?

They were built to fool robbers

Units of mesurement

body parts

Who built the pyramids?

Slaves

What method was used to build pyramids?

Post and lintel

Mastaba

Looks like a pyramid with the top cut off. shaped like /‾‾\. Built for pharoahs.

Post

vertical

lintel

horizontal

Djoser/Zoser

King for which the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid were built

Imhotep

Architect who built the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid.

Where was gold found near Egypt?

In Nubia

How was the Mastaba built?

by stacking layers on top of one another.

Snefru

Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid

Cheops

Great Pyramid at Giza

Chephren

Spinx and Medium-size Pyramid at Giza

Mycerinus

Smallest Pyramid at Giza

Great Pyramid- Dimensions

485 feet tall, each side of the square base is 755 feet

Hatshepsut

First female pharaoh

Senmut

the consort of Queen Hatshepsut and the architect of her funerary temple

Amenhotep III

Added to the temple at Luxor

Amenhotep IV

Built a new city

Temples of Luxor and Karnak

Religious temples, pharaohs put hieroglyphics on the walls to "compete"

First ritual play?

Death of Osiris; Egyptian roots

theatron

Seeing place

auditorium

hearing place

Dionysus

God of wine and fertility

Function of the first ritualistic performances?

Celebrate the Gods.

Why did theatre develop in Greece?

Ethos (self-pride) and because of the belief that the Gods were human-like and could be imitated.

Tragos

Means "Goat" or "Goat Song", Tragedy Plays

Conventions of Greek Theatre

Masks, costumes, props, tools (eccyclema and dues ex machina), parados (stage entrance), no violence onstage

Masks

allowed actors to play more than one role or gender. contained megaphones.

Early Theatre Space

SR- ritual performance; CS- Altaro to Dionysis; SL- Shed for changing

Late Theatre Space

Painted background, parados, collonades, center in foreground, orchestra, dancing place

How many actors were there?

At first only one; Aeschylus introduced the second one, and Sophocles introduced the third one.

duex ex machina

god machine. lifted actors

eccyclema

no violence onstage; carried "dead" bodies onto the stage

skene

stage house, changing room, storage

orchestra

dancing place

periaktoi

three sides, one scene painted on each side.

function of the chorus?

represented society. Provided advice, opinions, and characters.

Who wrote what Aristotle considered to be the finest example of tragedy?

Sophocles. Oedipus Rex

Thespis

first actor

Aristotle

poetics/6 elements of tragedy

Aeschylus

wrote about Gods. Themes: Justice, human dignity, choice, tragic flaw,

Sophocles

Wrote about heroes. Themes: wordly themes

Euripides

Wrote about men as they are. Themes: social commentary, psychology, passion

Aristopanes

Wrote Old Comedy. Themes: satire, pretensions, war.

Menander

Wrote New Comedy Themes: Daily life, struggles.

tragic flaw

Hubris

Epistemology

Theory of Knowledge

philosophy

love of wisdom

Ionians

observational philosophy

Thales

water is fundamental, magnet has a soul because it makes things move

Anaximander

cosmology. Believed elements combined to create flat discs (earth and planets). All living things is a result of their seperation.

Heraclitus

Everything is in "flux", change is constant, oppisite of Anaximander and parmenides.

Logos

logic and reason.

Ethos

credibility and ethics

Pathos

passion and emotion

Why did philosophy develop in Greece?

Because of Logos (myths can't explain EVERYTHING), when hard questions were asked, good answers were given (ethos),

Pythagoras studied

music/harmonics

Sophists

"wise ones", not so wise.

Relativism

man is measure of all things

subjectivism

truths are relative to the observer; there is no objective or independent truth

Why did some disagree with sophists?

they were not virtuous

Socrates wrote....

nothing! he had no writings

Socratic method

questioning to reveal ignorance

Plato

wrote dialogues, founded The Academy, and "Theory of 'Forms'"

Aesthetics

beauty and art. Art must have inspiration

Plato believed in a

governing class

Where did Aristotle graduate from?

Plato's Academy

Aristotle

knew many things on mnay subjects. Physics, metaphysics, ethics, politics, poetics, tragedy.

Golden mean

everything should be in moderation

Skepticism

Open mind to all knowledge. Happiness is the susbension of judgement

Epicuranism

focus on happiness. avoid pain.

Stoicism

detachment from the material world. reason and virtue.

6 Elements of tragedy

Plot, Theme, Character, Diction, Music, and Spectacle

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