lifespand chapter 10,11,13

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test answers

whitney, who is 25

Who is best classified as being in the state of emerging adulthood?

emerging adulthood

Kayla considers herself more than an adolescent but not yet fully an aduly. This would qualify her as being in the state known as

incolce the acquisistion of new responsibilities

Role transitions always

transition

the criteria for reaching adulthood is referred to as a role

procreate

As a female growing up in a develpoing nation, fifi's transition to adulthood is most likey to be based on her ability to

ritual

a rite of passage is best classified as a

intimacy versus isolation

Erikson would argue that 25-year-old Rollie is currently experiencing a crisis involving

noncareer-oriented women

Erikson's theory is least applicable in explaining the timing of identity and intimacy formation in

I am a lot less coordinated than I use to be

which statement by 25 year old flossie, who is typical for a person of her age, is most likely false?

AIDS

If you were asked to list the most common causes of death in young adults (ages 25-44) in the United States, you should avoid saying

tamarick, and african american male

Based on statistics, which of these 30-year-old adults is most likely to die within a year?

440,000

Smoking represents a major medical problem in the United States with about _____ people each year dying from smoking-related disorders.

nonsmokers are more likely to die from cardiovascular disease than from lung cancer

Which statement concerning secondhand smoke is true?

show significant improvements in their health

People who quit smoking after smoking for a long time

Light drinkers have the greatest benefits.

How is the consumption of alcohol related to the promotion of health?

binge drinking.

Jimmy goes to a party with his college buddies and has six beers in a row. Jimmy's behavior would be best classified as

good grades

Jari is a frequent binge drinker. Which is he less likely to experience than his non-binge drinking peers?

cause the body to crave alcohol.

At a chemical level, alcohol addiction results in chemical changes that

metabolism.

Bernice is very interested in studying how the energy needs of the human body change through the lifespan. In other words, Bernice is interested in studying

lower metabolic rate

Sixty-year-old Norbert says, "When I was a teenager I could eat five big meals a day and still feel hungry. Now a couple of snacks can get me through the day." What best accounts for this age-related change?

cause fatty deposits that can lead to blocked arteries.

Low-density lipoproteins

High-density lipoproteins

_____ help keep your arteries clear.

LDL level under 160 mg/dL and HDL level over 50 mg/dL

Which combination would be a sign of good health?

an index related to total body fat

What is BMI

24

An individual with a BMI of _____ or less is considered healthy.

inner city neighborhoods

In the United States, the poorest health conditions are found in those living in

are more likely to experience the impact of stress-related racism

A key reason that African Americans are generally less healthy than European Americans is that African American

hypertension.

Antoni continually suppresses his anger. This reaction is most likely to lead to

with age, some aspects of intelligence improve while others may decline

Intellectual multidirectionality is based on the premise tha

plasticity.

The fact that a specific aspect of intelligence can be modified at any time during the lifespan exemplifies that concept of

plasticity.

After taking several college courses, Chuck's short-term memory ability increased. This exemplifies the concept of

fluid intelligence

Which is not a "primary mental ability?"

sequential

Schaie's influential study on intellectual change over time utilizes the _____ research design he invented

allow for more flexible and adaptive thinking

Fluid intelligence consist of abilities that

acquired across one's life.

Crystallized intelligence is

crystallized intelligence.

Webster loves playing any game in which he can show off the large vocabulary that he has acquired. A competent psychologist would suggest that this skill provides the best example of

crystallized intelligence

Someone who knows the answers to all the questions on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire would be exhibiting

consider situational circumstances

Postformal adult thinkers differ from adolescent formal operational thinkers in that the adults are more likely to

postformal thought

Which constitutes the highest level of thinking in adulthood?

contradiction as norma

In order to qualify as a "postformal thinker," you must be able to accept

initial

Jason believes that gun control is absolutely wrong, and that the right to possess guns is an absolute right. Jason would probably be closest to the _____ stage of reflective judgment.

It tends to increase with age.

What statement regarding optimal level of development is true?

integrate emotion and logic in decisions making

Mature thinkers tend to

help us process information in social situations.

Stereotypes

are triggered unconsciously

Implicit stereotypes always

a sense of fear linked to a negative stereotype about a group to which an individual belongs

A stereotype threat involves

unified sense of one's past, present, and future

A life-span construct represents a

a scenario.

Omar is thinking about a time to come when he will be married and have a family. This is an example of

social clock

Darren wants to be out of graduate school by age 25, be married by age 30, and be retired by age 50. This is an example of a

A scenario is a path and a social clock is the timetable.

How is a "scenario" related to a "social clock?

the emotions conveyed in their life story

According to McAdams, a person's developing personality is best reflected by

a life-long love

Which of the following would best reflect a life story goal of communion?

fashioned and refashioned and is influenced by culture.

According to McAdams, a person's life story is

projecting yourself into the future

Which requires the creation of possible selves?

a high

Merlin believes that he can get what he wants if he tries hard enough. This indicates that he has _____ sense of personal control.

primary control.

Jim believes that he can improve his financial situation by getting a second job. Jim is exercising

"When my job gets tough I will succeed with effort.

Which statement best exemplifies the concept of secondary control?

less emotionally intense and less sexual

Friendship relationships differ from love relationships in that they are

deterioration

Siegfried and Roy have been friends for many years. In the past few months, however, they seem to have less in common, and Roy has been thinking more about hanging out with a potential new friend. Siegfried and Roy appear to be in the _____ stage of friendship development.

young adulthood.

People tend to have the most acquaintances/friends during

sociability

The fact that Bert's friend Ernie keeps him amused by telling funny stories best illustrates that _____ dimension of friendship

control the level of intimacy in the relationship

A relative strength of online friendships involves the ability of the user to

Helen, who is 45

Which person is least likely to have a strong friendship with her brother?

"friendly" competition

Men's friendship activities most often involve

vulnerability

The text authors suggest that the strong intimate sharing component, which characterizes female friendships but not male friendships, is due to females having more comfort with their

overperceiving Gredel's level of sexual interest in him.

Hansel (a male) and Gredel (a female) are best friends. If their cross-gender friendship is typical of most, Hansel's biggest misperception concerning Gredel would likely be

sociability

Which is not one of the three components of love, according to Sternberg?

passion.

Juliet can feel it! She wants Romeo physically, and she wants him badly! Juliet is most likely experiencing

intimacy

When discussing his new girlfriend, Mickey says, "I can tell her everything about myself." Mickey clearly feels _____ toward his girlfriend

commitment.

The phrase, "till death do you part," that is often said during marriage services offers a good example of

infatuation.

While Victor and Victoria have very strong sexual feelings for each other, they have little interest in intimacy or commitment. This type of relationship is best described as

commitment

Toni and Tim have just gotten married. Which component of love is most likely to be stronger 20 years from now than it is today?

similarity

The assortative mating theory proposes that initial mate selection is based primarily on

stimulus

When Cleo says, "Perhaps Anthony and I could be a couple because we both come from the same upper-class type of families," she appears to be in Murstein's _____ stage of couple formation.

"Our gender roles are well suited for each other."

Which statement best exemplifies the premise of Murstein's "role stage" of couple formation?

important in love relationships for both males and females.

Physical attractiveness is

Participants were men and women from several countries around the world.

Which statement regarding the Schmitt (2004) study of romantic attachments is correct?

95%; 80%

According to research cited in your text, approximately _____ of marriages in India are arranged and approximately _____ rated their marriage as "very successful."

abusive

A relationship in which one individual becomes violent or aggressive toward the other is classified as a(n) _____ relationship.

they are powerless to get away from the abuse.

The defining belief among individuals experiencing "battered woman's syndrome" is that

verbal aggression; murder

O'Leary (1993) presents a continuum of aggressive behavior in abusive relationships anchored by _____ on one end and _____ on the other end.

women are not as violent as men in either heterosexual relationships or homosexual relationships

Which statement is true?

Males marry at a later age

Which statement concerning singlehood, marriage, and sex differences in the United States is true?

increasing in African American and Latino American women.

Singlehood is

cohabitation.

Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of moving in together. They are definitely contemplating

convenience or sexual accessibility

Part-time or limited cohabitation is usually undertaken because of

premarital cohabitation

Which might best be characterized as a "trial marriage?

Both lesbian and heterosexual females view money as a way to maintain a sense of independence from their partners.

Which statement concerning homosexual and heterosexual couples in the United States is true?

It has risen by about 4 years

How has the median age of first marriage in the United States changed from 1970 to 2006?

Lucy, who is 17

Each of these women has just married for the first time. Who is most likely to get divorced?

homogamy

When discussing their marriage, Meg and Ryan agree that what appears to keep them together and happy is the fact that they share many of the same values. This exemplifies _____, which is a good predictor of marital success.

exchange theory

Katie and Rob are seeing a marriage counselor, Dr. McMurray, to ask her advice about how to save their relationship. Dr. McMurray tells them that the reason they are having trouble is because "neither of you perceive that you are getting as much out of the relationship as you are putting into it." This statement indicates that Dr. McMurray is a proponent of

high to low to high

Which best describes the typical pattern of marital satisfaction from honeymoon through retirement?

The birth of a child is usually viewed as a positive event even though it is associated with a decrease in marital satisfaction.

Which statement concerning children and marital satisfaction is true?

middle age.

The "empty nest" is most likely to occur for parents in

married singles

Troy and Helen are both 55 and have been married for 20 years. However, they have grown apart, are "emotionally divorced," and essentially live as housemates. Troy and Helen are best classified as

Illness of one spouse

_____ almost always negatively impacts marital satisfaction.

nuclear family.

Wife and husband Marina and Kevin have two children, one boy and one girl. Together, they are a(n

two parents, one child, and one grandfather

Which constitutes an "extended family?

be anxious about being a parent

Ashley is 35 years old and just had her first baby. She is less likely to _____ than younger mothers.

Donnie, a European American male

Who is least likely to do household chores?

family needs are more important than individual needs

Which statement best describes familism?

is highest in African Americans

In the United States, the out-of-wedlock birthrate

feelings of failure and guilt are common in divorced single parents

Which statement about single parents is true

be willing to allow for ambiguity in the attachment relationship between themselves and their foster child.

Due to the nature of their task, foster parents must

early divorce

Expression of negative emotions toward a spouse is positively correlated with

divorce less likely

The purpose of a "covenant marriage" is to make _____ to occur.

both parties feel disappointed or rejected.

In most divorce cases

optimistic.

During middle-age, if a women initiates a divorce she would most likely feel

worse than

The chances for remarrying for a housewife in middle or late life are generally _____ the chances for remarrying when divorcing young

financial

Shiela is a recently divorced woman who has custody of her two young daughters. Shiela's biggest problems are most likely to be

address custody issues involving younger children

The main purpose of the Collaborative Divorce Project is to

three times higher

The divorce rate in second marriages involving stepchildren is about _____ the rate for first marriages

Mary, who is a 60-year-old female

Who is at the greatest risk of currently experiencing osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis

_____ is the leading cause of broken bones in older women.

mass.

Osteoporosis is best thought of as involving a loss of bone

"I see a less mass than normal

As Dr. Benton is looking at an X-ray of bones in your leg, his comment, _____, would indicate that you may have osteoporosis.

D

The rate of osteoporosis is directly affected by the metabolism rate of Vitamin

osteoarthritis

Which is best characterized as a "wear-and-tear" disease?

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis come and go

Which statement concerning rheumatoid arthritis is true?

"I hope that you have all the children you want."

While at a checkup, 40-year-old Betty listens as her physician, Dr. White, describes Betty's current health. Which of Dr. White's statements would suggest that Betty is experiencing the climacteric?

"It may be possible for you to have more children via in vitro fertilization."

Forty-five-year-old Claire stopped menstruating some time ago. She is disappointed because she really wanted to have more children. What would a competent physician tell her?

Menopause occurs during the climacteric.

How are menopause and the climacteric related?

hot flashes and vaginal dryness

Which are hormonal-related symptoms of menopause?

Japan

The text notes that in _____ "menopausal syndrome" is thought to be the result of women with too much time on their hands

in vitro fertilization.

In 1997, a 63-year-old woman gave birth to a baby that was conceived through

hip fractures

Results from the Women's Health Initiative study begun in 1991 revealed that the risk for _____ decreased in those taking estrogen plus progestin.

Deena, who has no control over her job

Who is likely to experience the most job-related stress?

rate stressful experiences more negatively and to report more stress in family areas

Compared to the average middle-age man, the average middle-age woman tends to

person and environment.

The stress and coping paradigm focuses on the interactive relationship between

2

The risk for how many of the following are increased when an individual is under chronic stress: atherosclerosis, hypertension, osteoporosis, breast cancer?

Type B behavior

If there were a phrase that would describe Stacy, it would be "laid-back." She rarely gets frustrated or angry, could care less about "climbing the corporate ladder," and is satisfied taking "life as it comes." Stacy is best described as exhibiting

psychological factors can be related to physical health

Research on Type A and Type B personalities provides support for the notion that

Sylvester has a better recovery prognosis following a heart attack

Sylvester has a "Type A" behavior pattern and Stallone has a "Type B" behavior pattern. Which statement is true?

60% and 90%

Aerobic exercise is defined as a pulse rate between _____ of a person's maximum rate.

220

A person's maximum heart rate is calculated by subtracting their age from

knowing how to balance a checkbook

Which is the best example of a measure of practical intelligence?

problem-focused action

Dharma is becoming more upset with the lack of manners her husband, Greg, displays while eating. One day at lunch she finally has had enough. She first slaps the Jell-O from Greg's hand, then screams, "Will you please stop eating like a pig!" Dharma's response is best classified as

driving to work

Which would best be classified as an instrumental task?

practical intelligence

Macy is using the Revised Observed Tasks of Daily Living (OTDL) test in her research with hospital patients. Apparently, Macy is interested in studying

neurophysiological

Which characteristic best fits with mechanics intelligence?

is more effective at determining correct solutions concerning rock and roll music

Paula is an expert on the history of rock and roll music while Donald is a novice. This means that Paula _____ than Donald

Encapsulation

_____ occurs when the processes of thinking become connected to the products of thinking.

It helps compensate for declining processes of thinking.

How does encapsulation assist older thinkers?

loss of the ability to explain why you came to a correct solution

One negative effect of encapsulation is the

middle age

At which age is the debate of personality stability versus change most heated?

five-factor

Costa and McCrae's model of personality, which includes dimensions like conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience, is commonly referred to as the ____model.

neuroticism

An individual low on the _____ characteristic would likely be described as even-tempered and comfortable

neuroticism

If Barney is accurately described as being very even-tempered and unemotional. He would likely score very low on a test of

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