a political system in which a ruler holds total power
a system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law/constitution
Divine Rights of Kings
A theory assumed that God apponinted all monarchs to rule on his behalf
French word for writers and thinkers during the Enlightenement
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
an agreement by which they gave up their freedom for an organized society, the idea that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
A new type of monarchy in the 18th century; in the system rulers tried to govern by Enlightenment principles while maintaining their royal powers
Religous philosophy that states God created the universe but let reasons and natural law run it.
Economic philosophy means to let people do as they choose
King of France who was the best example of an absolute Monarch
Peter the Great
czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government
Empress of Russia who practiced enlightened absolutism
Catholic King that made Spain the most powerful country in Europe during the 14th century.
believed in his book Leviathan that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
English philosophers that wrote about natural rights.
published the first encyclopedia
Economist who wrote about Laissez-Faire
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers
believed natural rights of the Enlightenment should extend to women
Wrote about the Social Contract