5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- gender determination
- Punnett Square
- Who is the "Father of Genetics"?
- dominant factor
- gene transfer
- a replacing abnormal genetic material with normal genetic material
- b a factor that covers up a recessive factor; tall is dominant to short
The female only provides an X chromosome, but the male may fertilize an egg with either an X or Y. If an X fertilizes the egg, then XX or a girl will result. If a Y fertilized the egg, then XY or a boy will result.
- d Gregor Mendel
- e a handy chart that predicts genetic results
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the two alleles for an organism are exactly the same (TT or tt). This is also known as Purebred..
the two aleles for an organism are different (Tt or Nn). This is also known as Hybrid.
- Punnett Square
- these genetic disorders occur when both parents have a recessive allele for a disorder; the parents my be heterozygous and not show any symptoms of a disorder, but if the child inherits a recessive gene from each parent, then the child will have ta recessive genetic disorder like cystic fibrosis.
- sex-linked gene
5 True/False Questions
sex-linked gene → some allele are on the sex chromosomes like color-blindness, which is sexlinked on the X chromosome.
purebred → it is a visual tool for following traits through generations of a family
recombinant DNA → inserting a useful segment of DNA from one organism into a bacterium; an example is the production of growth hormone to treat dwarfism and chemicals to treat cancer
heredity → the passing of traits from parents to offspring
What controls traits in organisms? → genes