biology

13 terms by kirocogr 

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digestion

salivary amylase

begins carbohydrate digestion begins in the mouth

carbohydrate digestion

completed in the small intestine

protein digestion

begins in stomach, ends in small intestine (duodenum)

gastrin

___ is hormone secreted by cells in the stomach wall. Target organ: The glands of the stomach. Response: secretion of gastric acid

pepsin

Enzyme secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion of proteins

pepsinogen

released in stomach, reacts with HCl to create pepsin

pancreatic juice

Secreted by the Pancreas to digest Carbohydrates, Protein, and Fat.

pancreatic duct

conducts pancreatic juice to small intestine

trypsin

intestinal enzyme the breaks peptide bonds, producing amino acids from polypeptides

bile

digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder

lipase

A digestive enzyme that breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol.

villi

Small fingerlike projections on the walls of the small intestines that increase surface area

capillaries

tiny vessels that connect the smallest arteries and the smallest veins

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