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Learning

an enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience

Broca Aphasia

An impairment in the physical ability to produce speech sounds or, in extreme cases, an inability to speak at all; caused by damage to Broca's area

Broca's Area

The area in the frontal lobe usually in the left hemisphere, that controls the production of speech sounds.

Wernicke's area

The language area in the left temporal lobe involved in comprehending the spoken word and in formulating coherent speech and written language

Wernicke's aphasia

Aphasia that results from damage to Wernicke's area and in which the person's speech is fluent and clearly articulated but does not bake sense to listeners.

Electroencephalograph (EEG)

Gross electrical activity of brain on surface of scalp; varies with frequency and amplitude

Magnetoencephalography

Measures brain's magnetic fields

Non-Associative learning

changes in responsiveness resulting from exposure to a stimulus repeatdly - 1. Habituation 2. Sensitization

Habituation

Adapting to a repetitive stimulus

Sensitization

Not adapting to a stimulus and doing something about it

Associative learning

mentally connecting different sets of events together; learning by experience; baby learns what a book is by mother holding book and reading it to baby - 1. Classical conditioning 2. Instrumental Conditioning

Classical Conditioning

type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another

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