Chapter 4 Criminal law

20 terms by noblef

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substantive defense

legal position that disproves, justifies, or otherwise excuses an alleged crime

plea bargaining

accused person admitting guilt to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charge dropped

self-defense

use of force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping

crime

punishable offense against society

contempt of court

action that hinders the administration of justice

felony

crime punishable by either a fine of more that $1,000 or by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by death

vicarious criminal liability

substituted criminal liability

immunity

freedom from prosecution even when one has committed the crime charged

punishment

any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court

misdemeanor

crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for less than one year, by fine or both

procedural defense

a criminal defense based on how the evidence was obtained or how the accused was arrested, questioned or tried

True

an individual who helped in a car jacking in which someone was killed by another car jacker can be charged with murder

bribery

unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence performance of an official is called

felony

Ben is convicted and sentenced to two to five years in jail. The crime he has commited is a

false

immunity is never granted to someone who has committed the crime

true

a reasonable ground for belief is referred to as probable cause

forgery

falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another is called

white collar crimes

typically offenses committed in the business world are called

society

legally a crime is considered an offense against

substantive defense

self-defense is a

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