Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

52 terms by PirateKat45 

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7. A basic difference between the Bill of Rights and the U.S. Constitution proper is that the former is a list of what?

"do nots"

8. A name used to describe laws that officially sanctioned racial discrimination is what?

Jim Crow Laws

A state cannot apply a license fee on Jehovah's Witnesses who solicit door to door. This is in keeping with what clause of the First Amendment?

Free Exercise

10. After defining the clear-and-present-danger test, Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes did what?

Desented

11. An act that conveys a political message is called what?

symbolic speech

Blacks were finally able to advance their interests during the 1960s by shifting the struggle from what to what?

congress to the courts

Blacks were finally able to advance their interests during the 1960s by doing what?

dramatizing their plights. Sit in's, march in's.

Burning a flag is protected by the First Amendment whereas burning a draft card is not. The difference between these two acts is what?

overiding governmental interest

Civil liberties become a major issue for what three reasons?

rights in conflict, enterpeuneral politics, cultural conflicts

Civil liberties conflicts between the Fraternal Order of Police and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) are most likely to be examples of what kind of politics?

interest group politics

17. Forbidding the use of federal funds to pay for abortions is the intent of what law?

Hyde admendment

How has the Supreme Court reacted to wartime curtailments of civil liberties?

allowed during period of crisis

19. In general, you may make false and defamatory statements about public officials as long as you lack what?

malice

Incident to the valid arrest of a person inside a building, police may legitimately search what?

the person, things in plain sight, things in immediate control.

Is taxing different groups at different rates deemed to be "reasonable?"

absolutely

22. Police use of a defective search warrant that they believed to be valid would not result in the application of the exclusionary rule under a doctrine known as what?

good faith

Since 1992, a member of clergy's offering a prayer or an invocation at a public school graduation ceremony is what?

unconstitutional

The argument that tainted evidence (that is, evidence that is tainted by the fact that it was obtained without compliance with the 4th or 5th Amendments) cannot be used in court if citizens' rights are to be maintained leads to what is called what?

exclusionary rule

25. The Bill of Rights was added to the U.S. Constitution at the insistence of whom?

the states

26. The Court arguably protected freedom of religion at the risk of establishing it when they decided what?

the amish

27. The crucial phrase of the constitutional amendment that allowed federal judges to supervise criminal procedures in the states was what?

due process of law

28. The English jurist William Blackstone believed that freedom of the press should be characterized by what?

no prior restraint

29. The First Amendment states that Congress shall make no law prohibiting the "free exercise" of religion. It may, however, do what?

it may require everyone to get shots

30. The historical source for the phrase "wall of separation" between church and the state is what?

Thomas Jeffereson

31. The possibility that the Bill of Rights might restrict some state actions came about with the adoption of what?

14th admendement

32. The Supreme Court denied the Hazelwood High School student newspaper the right to print certain stories, using what argument?

principles can act reasonabley for educational mission of school

33. The Supreme Court first suggested that basic liberties might be applied to the states in what case?

Gitlow vs. New York

34. The Supreme Court's ruling in Roe v. Wade gave women the unrestricted right to abortions in what trimester(s)?

first

35. The two clauses of the First Amendment that deal with religion are what?

free exercise and establishment

36. The two freedoms covered in the First Amendment are what?

free speech and religion

37. The use of dogs to sniff high school lockers for drugs has been determined by the Supreme Court to be constitutional under what conditions?

any conditions

38. What acts of symbolic speech are protected by the First Amendment?

political speech

39. What are the six guarantees of the First Amendment?

speech, press, assembly and petition

40. What did the Supreme Court hold in the case of Texas v. Johnson?

burn American Flag

41. What did the Supreme Court rule that schools could and could not do in the Bakke decision?

cannot use racial quotas

42. What did the Supremes decide in "the New Jersey school bus case?"

its ok to pay peroquial school students if busing public school students

43. What did the Supremes decide in Mapp v. Ohio?

exclusionary rule

44. What does someone have to prove in order to win a lawsuit for defamation of character?

damages, reckless disregard for truth

45. What is meant by the doctrine of "preferred position?"

notion that in case of conflict, first admendment wins

46. What is the purpose of the exclusionary rule?

to deture police misconduct

47. What was the test for obscenity in the 1973 Miller v. California decision?

to obscene material has to be sexual, lacking value.

When someone arouses large numbers of ordinarily indifferent people to demand restrictions on the freedom of minorities, this is an example of what kind of politics?

d

When U.S. Nazis sought to parade in Skokie, Illinois, where many Jews lived, the courts ruled what?

d

Which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution appeared to guarantee equal rights for blacks?

d

Who said "There is no right to yell 'fire' in a crowded theater?"

d

Written (actually, "published" is the accurate definition) defamation of character is known as what?

d

busing for racial integration of schools.

results

color-blind administration of the laws.

opprotunity

comparable-worth pay scales.

results

eliminating job barriers.

opportunity

freedom-of-choice school districts.

opportunity

preferential treatment for blacks.

results

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