Milady's Cosmetology Chapter 14: Principles of Hair Design

Created by hshirk 

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Asymmetrical Balance

Is established when two imaginary halves of a hairstyle have an equal visual weight, but the two halves are positioned unevenly. Opposite sides of the hairstyle are different lengths or have a different volume. Asymmetry can be horizontal or diagonal.

Balance

Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry. In hairstyling, it is the relationship of height to width.

Bang area

Also known as the fringe area; triangular section that begins at the apex, or high point of the head and ends at the front corners.

Concave profile

Curving inward; prominent forehead and chin, with other features receded inward.

Contrasting lines

Horizontal and vertical lines that meet at a 90-degree angle and create a hard edge.

Convex profile

Curving outward; receding forehead and chin

Curved lines

Lines moving in a circular or semi-circular direction; used to soften a design

Design texture

Wave patterns that must be taken into consideration when designing a style

Diagonal lines

Lines positioned between horizontal and vertical lines. They are offten used to emphasize or minimize facial features.

Directional lines

Lines with a definite forward or backward movement

Emphasis

Also known as focus; the place in a hairstyle where the eye is drawn first before traveling to the rest of the design.

Form

The mass or general outline of a hairstyle. It is three-dimensional and has length, width, and depth.

Harmony

The creation of unity in a design; the most important of the art principles. Holds all the elements of the design together.

Horizontal lines

Lines parallel to the floor or horizon; create width in design

Parallel lines

Repeating lines in a hairstyle; may be straight or curved.

Profile

Outline of the face, head, or figure seen in a side view.

Proportion

The comparative relation of one thing to another; the harmonious relationship amont parts or things.

Rhythm

A regular pulsation or recurrent pattern of movement in a design.

Single lines

A hairstyle with only one line, such as the one-length hairstyle.

Space

The area surrounding the form or the area the hairstyle occupies.

Straight profile

Neither convex nor concave; considered the ideal

Symmetrical balance

Two halves of a style; form a mirror image of another

Transitional lines

Usually curved lines that are used to blend and soften horizontal or vertical lines

Vertical lines

Lines that are straight up and down; create length and height in hair design.

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