NAME: ________________________

Biology 621A - Chapter 18 - Genetics Ahead Test

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6 Written Questions

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. any characteristic that provides information about an organism's genome
  2. ____________ can be used to determine some genetic conditions and disorders
  3. enzymes which recognize a specific short sequence of nucleotides (the target sequence) on a strand of DNA and cut the strand at a particular point within that sequence
  4. sampling of cells from the chorion to test for genetic conditions in a fetus. The cells are grown in a special medium after which a karotype can be used to make a diagnosis.
  5. can be used to generate a DNA fingerprint.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Gene therapyenables direct observation of the fetus through an endoscope to allow medical professionals to safely perform various procedures directly inside the womb


  2. Human Genome ProjectDetermined the sequence of three billion base pairs that make up the human genome


  3. Cloninga process in which an identical copy of an organism or part of an organism that has the same genetic make-up, such as the offspring of asexual reproduction, a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)


  4. Polymerase Chain Reaction_______________ is being tested as one way to reverse some of the effects of genetic disorders


  5. Recombinant DNAsegments of DNA from two different species that are joined in a laboratory to form a single molecule of DNA


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