# Science Chapter 3 Section 1: Three States of Matter

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### States of Matter

The physical forms in which a substance can exist

### Atoms

Matter is made up of tiny particles called a____ and molecules.

### Molecules

Matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms and m________.

### Solid

Particles of a _____ do not move fast enough to overcome the strong attraction between them. So, they are close together and vibrate in place.

### Liquid

Particles of a ______ move fast enough to overcome some of the attraction between them. The particles are close together but can slide past one another.

### Gas

Particles of a ___ move fast enough to overcome almost all of the attraction between them. The particles are far apart and move independently of one another.

### Solid

Has a definite shape and volume

### Crystalline

These kinds of solids are very orderly. They have a three-dimensional arrangement of particles. The particles of these types of solids are in a repeating pattern of rows. Iron, diamond, and ice are examples of these solids

### Amorphous

These kinds of solids do not have a special arrangement. Each particle is in one place, but the particles are not arranged in a specific type of pattern. Examples of these solids would be glass, rubber, and wax.

### Quartz

In figure 2 of the textbook, which is the example of the crystalline solid?
Quartz or Glass?

### Glass

In figure 2 of the textbook, which is the example of the amorphous solid?
Quartz or Glass?

### Liquid

The state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container. (No definite shape)

### Surface Tension

This is a force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid.

### Surface Tension

What causes water to bead up on leaves and grass in the morning?

### Viscosity

This is a liquid's resistance to flow. Usually, the stronger the attraction is between the molecules, the more (this word will give away answer) the liquid is.

### Honey

Which one has higher viscosity?
Honey or Water?

### Gas

The state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.

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