Science Chapter 3 Section 1: Three States of Matter

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States of Matter

The physical forms in which a substance can exist

Atoms

Matter is made up of tiny particles called a____ and molecules.

Molecules

Matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms and m________.

Solid

Particles of a _____ do not move fast enough to overcome the strong attraction between them. So, they are close together and vibrate in place.

Liquid

Particles of a ______ move fast enough to overcome some of the attraction between them. The particles are close together but can slide past one another.

Gas

Particles of a ___ move fast enough to overcome almost all of the attraction between them. The particles are far apart and move independently of one another.

Solid

Has a definite shape and volume

Crystalline

These kinds of solids are very orderly. They have a three-dimensional arrangement of particles. The particles of these types of solids are in a repeating pattern of rows. Iron, diamond, and ice are examples of these solids

Amorphous

These kinds of solids do not have a special arrangement. Each particle is in one place, but the particles are not arranged in a specific type of pattern. Examples of these solids would be glass, rubber, and wax.

Quartz

In figure 2 of the textbook, which is the example of the crystalline solid?
Quartz or Glass?

Glass

In figure 2 of the textbook, which is the example of the amorphous solid?
Quartz or Glass?

Liquid

The state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container. (No definite shape)

Surface Tension

This is a force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid.

Surface Tension

What causes water to bead up on leaves and grass in the morning?

Viscosity

This is a liquid's resistance to flow. Usually, the stronger the attraction is between the molecules, the more (this word will give away answer) the liquid is.

Honey

Which one has higher viscosity?
Honey or Water?

Gas

The state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.

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