events and conditions that either force people to move elsewhere or strongly attract them to do so
Pacific Railway Act, Central Pacific
____________________-Government gave large grants of land to the Union Pacific and the _____________ R.R's. 175 million acres of public land were given away
Morrill Land Grant Act, agriculture, MSU
_______________gave land to colleges who specialized in __________, i.e. _________
Homestead Act, Lincoln
__________-was signed by Pres. __________in 1862. 160 acres of land was given to those who were 21, a citizen or applying for citizenship. They had to build a house on the land and live on it 6 months a year for 5 years before it became theirs.
were black former slaves who moved westward after the Civil War
vast grassland between the Mississippi River and the Rockey Mountains
People who traveled from one place to another following food sources
was federal land set aside for the Native Americans
Battle of Little Bighorn, Red Cloud
_____________-The Sioux Indians under ___________signed a peace treaty with the whiteman after Col Fetterman was killed. The non-treaty Sioux led by Gall, Crazy Horse, and Sitting Butll killed Custer and his men at the Little Big Horn or as it is sometimes called, Custer's massacre. Sitting Bull escaped to Canada
Ghost Dance, Massacre at Wounded Knee
Ritual in which people joined hands and whirled in a circle. This was a purification ceremony. During the ceremony the 7th Calvary became frightened and they killed Sitting Bull. 200 Indians were killed and this event became known as the ________ ____ _______ ________
the process by which one society becomes a part of another more dominate society by adopting their culture
The Dawes Act
The dividing of reservation land into individual plots. Each head of the family received 160 acres of land and U.S. citizenship, 2/3 of 138,000,000 acres ended up in whiteman's hands.
whitemen who staked claims in 2 million acres of Indian reservation land on April 22, 1889 in Oklahoma.
whites who sneaked past government officials early to stake their claim.
famous artist of the Native American culture. He painted the Buffalo chase and Single Death
miners shoveling loose dirt in boxes and running water over it. The gold and silver would drop to the bottom of the boxes.
the herding of thousands of cattle to railway centers scattered across the Great Plains. Some famous cowtowns that developed were Abilene, Texas and Dodge City, and Wichita Kansas
those who farmed under the Homesteader Act
Structure with walls and roof made of blocks of sod with strips of grass with thick roots and earth attached
planting crops that do not need a great deal of water such as sorghum. Deep furrows were dug so that water could get to the roots
__________buffalo disappeared off the Great Plains in a period of 50 years.
farms controlled by large buisnesses managed by professionals which raises a massive quanity of a single cash crop.
Turner thesis, Turner
__________-Theory by Frederick Jackson _________, A historian which said that the frontier had alot to do with forming the American character. It included women's rights, Native American, and federal subsidies.
exaggerated discription of reality
famous western painter known for painting cowboy life
the amount of money in the National economy. If there is too much money in circulation it is called inflation.
a drop in prices on goods because of the money supply.
the federal governments plan for the makeup and quantity of the nation money supply
money based on gold and silver
the unlimited coining of silver dollars to increase the money supply
act to increase the use of silver dollars to increase the money supply
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
made the U.S. Treasury buy more silver, but president Cleveland got rid of this act.
___________(Patrons of Husbandry), were a group of farmers set up by Oliver Kelly to run a co-operation store.
The Interstate Commerce Act
regulated R.R. prices so that the rich could not get better rates than the Average farmer
was a political 3rd party called the Peoples Party. It was a rural party. The urban 3rd party was called the Progressive Party.
Cross of Gold Speech
was William Jennings Bryan's speech which called for the need of free silver
_______________ another name for the Patrons of Husbantry