the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
President after Lincoln's assassination who set up a reconstruction plan similar to Lincoln's
thought Lincoln's plan was too easy on the South. They wanted to destroy the power of slaveholders by giving African Americans citizenship and the right to vote.
One of the leaders of the Radical Republicans from Pennsylvania
a bill passed in 1864 that called for Congress to be in charge of the Reconstruction and that states could be readmitted to the Union when a majority of its voters swore allegiance.
government agency that helped former slaves and whites by giving out food and clothing and by setting up schools and hospitals.
laws that discriminated against African Americans
gave African Americans US citizenship
legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office
banned states from denying the vote to African Americans
White southerners with small farms who did not want wealthy planters to regain power
Northerners who moved South after the war to reform Southern society or to make money.
1st African American senator
landowners leased or gave a few acres of land to their farm workers in return for a portion of their crops.
rented land from the landowners for cash
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
terrorist group of white Southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting
panic of 1873
Period after the Civil war when many investors took on more debt than they could afford. Many could not pay their debts and went bankrupt. Many banks closed, and a depression followed.
In the 1870's, a term used by Southern Democrats referring to their return to power in the South
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican who ran for president in 1876
Samuel J. Tilden
Democrat who ran for president in 1876 and won the popular vote, but fell one vote short of electoral votes
Compromise of 1877
a deal made with the Democrats and Republicans to settle the election of 1876. Democrats allowed Hayes to become president and Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the south to end Reconstruction