Major Divisions of the Brain

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List the Major Divisions of the Brain (4)

Brainstem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebrum

List the 3 Structures of the Brainstem

Medulla Oblongata, Pons, Midbrain

List the 2 Structures of the Diencephalon

Hypothalamus, Thalamus

Function of the Medulla Oblongata

Two-way conduction pathway between the spinal cord and higher brain centers; cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor control center

Function of the Pons

Two-way conduction pathway between areas of the brain and other regions of the body; influences respiration

Function of the Midbrain

Two-way conduction pathway; relay for visual and auditory impulses

Function of the Hypothalamus

Regulation of body temperature, water balance, sleep-cycle control, appetite and sexual arousal

Function of the Thalamus

Sensory relay station from various body areas to cerebral cortex; emotions and alerting or arousal mechanisms

Function of the Cerebellum

Muscle coordination; maintenance of equilibrium and posture

Function of the Cerebrum

Sensory perception, emotions, willed movements, consciousness, and memory

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