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Sodium and potassium are the most abundant alkali metals.

True

The order of reactivity of the alkaline earth metals, from most to least reactive, is beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium.

False

Alkaline earth metals do not react with oxygen.

False

Elements in the same group have similar chemical properties because

they have the same number of valence electrons.

Which of the following statements does NOT describe the alkali metals?

They easily gain an electron to form ions with a charge of -1.

Which statement best describes the relationship between boron and silicon?

They have a diagonal relationship.

Choose the element that would be the most reactive of the three.

K

What happens when a hydrogen atom acts like a nonmetal in a chemical reaction?

It gains an electron.

Which of the following is an alkaline earth metal?

Beryllium

What are the features of alkali metals?

Metallic, soft, low density, highly reactive

The elements in group 7A have one valence electron.

False

The major industrial use for nitrogen is to make ____.

ammonia.

Which of the following groups consists of reactive p-block elements?

Group 3A

What are the different forms of an element in the same physical state but with different structures and properties called?

Allotropes

Which allotrope of carbon has a three-dimensional solid structure?

Diamond

Which p block element has 7 valence electrons?

Cl

Which of the following is an example of a carbon allotrope?

Diamond

Used to strengthen teeth.

Fluorine

Bonds between inert gases and other elements create what type of substance?

Explosives

Which is an allotrope of oxygen?

Ozone

Which of the following is a characteristic common to the transition metals?

Most will readily form ions.

Where does the final electron enter in an inner transition metal?

f sublevel

At what sublevel does the final electron enter a transition metal?

d sublevel

Moving from left to right across _____, electrons are being added to the 4f orbitals.

the lanthanides

Which of the following is true about the actinide series?

They are members of Period 7.
Their final electron enters the f-sublevel.
They are inner transition metals.

Which of the following metals is NOT extracted from the Earth using metallurgy?

Copper
Chromium
Iron

The d-block elements are known as ____________________.

transition metals

The property of strong attraction of a substance to a magnetic field is called

polarity

How do electron arrangements help make metals shiny?

When metal atoms are together there are semi-loose electrons around the atoms which move about freely among the metal atoms making what is called an electron gas

What do iron and nickel have in common?

They are both used as catalysts to produce common household products.

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