DCUSH CHAP 8-12

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The ____________ was an early nineteenth century development that constituted the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers.

market revolution

The first American factory was developed by ____________________

Sameul Slater

The merchant who headed the Boston Associates, owners of the innovative Waltham mills, was _________________

Francis Lowell

Most workers in the earliest textile factories were women and _________________

children

Under the "Waltham System," young farm women worked and lived under ______________

strict conditions

The American population more than doubled between 1790 and 1820 primarily because of the ____________________

high birth rate

In the 1830s and 1840s thousands of poor and wretched immigrants flooded into America from Ireland and _______________

Germany

According to your text, by far the most important indirect effect of industrialization occurred when the South began to produce cotton to supply the new textile mills of _____________________

New England

The inventor of a cotton gin, which removed seeds from upland cotton, was ________________

Eli Whitney

A successful and bloody slave revolt led to the creation in 1804 of the black republic of _________________________

Haiti

The Republic of Liberia in western Africa was founded by _______________________

American Colonization Society

The shift to cotton production caused a demand for more labor which was met by a renewed growth of __________________

slavery

By 1820, interstate slave trade in the South was _______________________

a business

The natural highway for western commerce and communication in the early 19th century was the __________ River.

Mississippi

In the 1790s and early 1800s private companies built roads called ________________

turnpikes

American inventor Robert Fulton perfected the first commercially successful ________________

steam boat

A major improvement in the transportation network in the 1820s and 1830s was the construction of ______________________

canals

The greatest advantage which early canals offered was _______________________

the link between the mid west and the Pacific

The mayor of New York City who organized information and political influence to convince the state legislature to construct the Erie Canal was ______________________

Gov. Clinton

Immediately after the Erie Canal was completed, it was a ___________

big success

The Erie Canal solidly established ____________________ importance in commerce

NYC

The Supreme Court's decision in Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) upheld the principle of the sanctity of ______________________

contracts

Part of the "democratizing" of politics during the age of Jackson was the elimination of _________________________for voting and holding

property

During John Quincy Adams' presidency, the politician who prepared for the next election by relying on his military reputation and portraying himself as losing the presidency in 1824 due to the "corrupt bargain" was ___________

Andrew Jackson

The basic concept underlying the "spoils system" was that party workers must be rewarded with ___________________ after a successful campaign

political office

One of the "fundamental tenets of Jacksonian Democracy" was that _________

ordinary americans could do anything

Jackson's advisers who did not hold regular cabinet appointments were called the _______

kitchen cabinet

Jackson's view of the presidency differed from his predecessor's primarily in his belief that the ______________________

president was direct representation all in america

Other than Jackson's personal popularity, the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1832 was ___________________

the Bank of the US

Jackson defended his veto of the charter of the Second National Bank on the grounds that the bank was ___________________, despite the Supreme Court

unconstitutional

Jackson's attitude toward nullification was to _______________ because of his devotion to the Union

oppose

Jackson's policy toward the Native Americans was to________________ to lands west of the Mississippi

move them

The Native American nation forced to move from Georgia as a result of Jackson's policies were the _______________

Cherokee

Jackson opposed John Marshall's rulings about the Cherokee Nation in Georgia because he believed no _______________________ could be allowed to exist within the United States

independent nations

South Carolina's challenge to the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 is called the ___________

Nullification Crisis

The Southern political thinker who justified Southern resistance to the Tariff of 1828 was _________________

Calhoun

The new political coalition which emerged to challenge Democratic control in the 1830s was called the _____________________

Whigs

The unifying principle of the Whig party was opposition to _________

Andrew Jackson

The Whig party's strategy in the election of 1836 was to run several candidates in the hope that the __________________________ would decide the election

House of Representatives

Martin Van Buren's response to the Panic of 1837 was to follow _______________ to economic troubles

hands off

In the election of 1840 the Whig's presidential nominee, who was a former military hero whose political opinions were largely unknown, was ___________________

William Henry Harrison

During the election of 1840, the Whigs portrayed Harrison as ______________________

living in a log cabin (humble beginnings)

Immediately after Harrison's inauguration Harrison died, was succeeded by the doctrinaire __________________, and the political climate of the country changed dramatically

John Tyler

English authors Frances Trollope and Charles Dickens both visited the United States in the first half of the nineteenth century and concluded that Americans were ____________

crude

The famous book in which Alexis de Tocqueville analyzed American society was _____

Democracy in America

For Tocqueville, the most striking condition of American society was its ___________

equality

In the early nineteenth century the American population was ___________ about every 20 years

doubling

The most significant development in urban population trends from 1820 to 1850 was the emergence of _________________

new towns

A typical theme of the Second Great Awakening was that people could take their ____________ into their own hands

salvation

Evangelist Charles Grandison Finney's success depended upon _______________ through personal testimony of salvation

emotional release

The communitarian group whose members were celibate, held their property in common, valued simplicity and industriousness, stressed equality of labor, and practiced a joyful and fervent religion was ________________

Shakers

Joseph Smith was founder of the _________________

mormons

The Illinois town founded by Mormon leader Joseph Smith as a semi-independent state within the federal Union was __________________

Nauvoo

The pioneer in developing methods for educating deaf people who opened a school for deaf students in 1817 was __________________

Gallaudet

The name most closely associated with the reform of institutions for the insane was ________________

Dix

During the 1820s Americans' per capita consumption of __________________ increased to the highest point ever in American experience

alcohol

The effectiveness of the temperance movement was greatly enhanced by the correlation between alcoholic consumption and __________________

crime

The organization of reformed drunkards which focused on reclaiming alcoholics from the gutter was the ______________________

Washingtonians

Catholic immigrants from Germany and Ireland often objected to demands for _____________ of all alcohol

prohibition

Although involved in many reforms, William Lloyd Garrison is best known for his activities in the cause of ____________________

abolition

William Lloyd Garrison's views on slavery might best be described as ____________

uncompromising

The most influential black abolitionist was _______________________

Fredrick Douglas

In his autobiography and speeches, Frederick Douglass insisted that full social, political, and _________________equality for blacks was required

economic

An important factor in encouraging the growth of the women's rights movement was the female abolitionists' recognition that, like the slaves, they were born into the ________________, which destined them for menial roles in society.

caste system

One of the few advocates of women's rights who did not begin her career in the abolitionist movement and who made a frontal assault on all forms of sexual discrimination in Women in the Nineteenth Century was ___________________

Margaret Fuller

The co-organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention and author of its Declaration of Sentiments was _______________________

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Susan B. Anthony played a prominent role in the ______________________ because she was the first to see the need for thorough organization

Women's Rights Movement

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