MIS 13

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1) The most common form of IT-enabled organizational change is automation.

T

2) Rationalization of procedures describes a radical rethinking of the business models.

F

3) Failure to address properly the organizational changes surrounding the introduction of a new system can cause the demise of an otherwise good system.

T

4) TQM describes the measurement of quality as 3.4 defects per million.

F

5) Thorough testing is not required if, during the programming stage, the design documents are sufficiently detailed.

F

6) The system is not in production until conversion is complete.

T

7) Documentation reveals how well the system has met its original objectives.

F

8) A data flow diagram offers a logical and graphical model of information flow, partitioning a system into modules that show manageable levels of detail.

T

9) A structure chart is a bottom-up chart, showing each level of design, its relationship to other levels, and its place in the overall design structure.

F

10) Object-oriented development is more incremental than traditional structured development.

T

11) Objects are grouped into hierarchies, and hierarchies into classes.

F

12) CASE tools facilitate the creation of clear documentation and the coordination of team development efforts.

T

13) The oldest method for building information systems is prototyping.

F

14) Prototyping is more iterative than the conventional lifecycle.

T

15) A problem with prototyping is that the systems constructed using this method may not be able to handle large quantities of data in a production environment.

T

16) End-user-developed systems can be completed more rapidly than those developed through the conventional systems lifecycle.

T

17) One advantage of fourth-generation tools is that they can easily handle processing large numbers of transactions or applications with extensive procedural logic and updating requirements.

F

18) In some forms of outsourcing, a company hires an external vendor to create the software for its system, but operates the software on its own computers.

T

19) Hidden costs typically increase the total cost of an offshore outsourcing project by an extra 50 to 75 percent.

F

20) Systems development activities always take place in sequential order.

F

21) Based on your reading of the chapter case discussing PC Connection, their implementation of a new order fulfillment system is an example of A. BPR. B. rationalization of procedures. C. automation. D. a paradigm shift.

B

22) The four kinds of structural organizational change enabled by IT, in order from least to most risky, are A. rationalization, automation, reengineering, and redesigning. B. rationalization, automation, reengineering, and paradigm shift. C. automation, rationalization, reengineering, and paradigm shift. D. automation, redesigning, restructuring, and paradigm shift.

C

23) Business processes are analyzed, simplified, and redesigned in A. BPR. B. rationalization of procedures. C. automation. D. a paradigm shift.

A

24) In automation A. business processes are simplified. B. business processes are reorganized to cut waste and eliminate repetitive, paper-intensive tasks. C. standard operating procedures are streamlined to remove bottlenecks. D. employees are enabled to perform their tasks more efficiently.

D

25) Based on your reading of the chapter, the redesign of mortgage application process by major mortgage banks was an example of which type of organizational change? A. automation B. paradigm shift C. business process reengineering D. restructuring

B

26) The process of streamlining business procedures so that documents can be moved easily and efficiently is called A. business process reengineering B. automation C. work flow management D. rationalization

C

27) Which of the following statements about business process reengineering is NOT true? A. It is primarily an ongoing effort by a firm that continually readjusts and measures the effectiveness of new procedures. B. It typically focuses on one or two strategic business processes that need radical change. C. BPR projects tend to be expensive and organizationally disruptive. D. To judge effectiveness, the performance of a business process should be measured both before and after reengineering.

A

28) ________ provide(s) a methodology and tools for dealing with the organization's ongoing need to reviseand ideally optimizeits numerous internal business processes and processes shared with other organizations. A. BPR B. BPM C. CASE tools D. TQM

B

29) Enabling organizations to make continual improvements to many business processes and to use processes as the fundamental building blocks of corporate information systems is the goal of A. BPM. B. BPR. C. reengineering. D. work flow management.

A

30) The idea that the achievement of quality control is an end in itself describes a main concept of A. BPM. B. BPR. C. six sigma. D. TQM.

D

31) Which process develops a detailed description of the functions that a new information system must perform? A. feasibility study B. requirements analysis C. systems design D. test plan development

B

32) The entire system-building effort is driven by A. organizational change. B. feasibility studies. C. the information value chain. D. user information requirements.

D

33) Systems design: A. describes what a system should do to meet information requirements. B. shows how the new system will fulfill the information requirements. C. identifies which users need what information, where, when and how. D. is concerned with the logical view of the system solution.

B

34) System design specifications that address the category of database design issues will include specifications for A. transaction volume and speed requirements. B. data entry. C. job design. D. program logic and computations.

A

35) Transferring data from a legacy system to the new system would be defined by which category of system design specifications? A. input B. database C. manual procedures D. conversion

D

36) Determining methods for feedback and error handling would be defined by which category of system design specifications? A. training and documentation B. user interface C. manual procedures D. security and controls

B

37) Unit testing A. includes all the preparations for the series of tests to be performed on the system. B. tests the functioning of the system as a whole in order to determine if discrete modules will function together as planned. C. tests each program separately. D. provides the final certification that the system is ready to be used in a production setting.

C

38) System testing A. includes all the preparations for the series of tests to be performed on the system. B. tests the functioning of the system as a whole in order to determine if discrete modules will function together as planned. C. tests each program separately. D. provides the final certification that the system is ready to be used in a production setting.

B

39) Acceptance testing A. includes all the preparations for the series of tests to be performed on the system. B. tests the functioning of the system as a whole in order to determine if discrete modules will function together as planned. C. tests each program separately. D. provides the final certification that the system is ready to be used in a production setting.

D

40) In a parallel conversion strategy, the new system A. is tested by an outsourced company. B. replaces the old one at an appointed time. C. and the old are run together. D. is introduced in stages.

C

41) In the direct cutover conversion strategy, the new system A. is tested by an outsourced company. B. replaces the old one at an appointed time. C. and the old are run together. D. is introduced in stages.

B

42) Changes in hardware, software, documentation, or production to a production system to correct errors, meet new requirements, or improve processing efficiencies are termed A. compliance. B. production. C. maintenance. D. acceptance.

C

43) In what stage of systems development are design specifications created? A. systems analysis B. systems design C. testing D. conversion

B

44) The primary tool for representing a system's component processes and the flow of data between them is the A. data dictionary. B. process specifications diagram. C. user documentation. D. data flow diagram.

D

45) To understand and define the contents of data flows and data store, system builders use A. a data dictionary. B. process specifications diagrams. C. user documentation. D. data flow diagrams.

A

46) To show each level of a system's design, its relationship to other levels, and its place in the overall design structure, structured methodologies use A. structure charts. B. Gantt and PERT charts. C. process specifications. D. data flow diagrams.

A

47) An entire information system is broken down into its subsystems by using A. high-level data flow diagrams. B. low-level data flow diagrams. C. process specifications. D. structured diagrams.

A

48) In object-oriented development A. the class is used as the basic unit of systems analysis and design. B. an object is a collection of data that is acted on by external processes. C. processing logic resides within objects. D. a strict, step-by-step development process is essential.

C

49) In an object-oriented development framework for a university, how would the classes Degree, Mathematics, and Physics be related? A. Degree would be a sister class to Mathematics and Physics. B. Degree is a superclass to Mathematics and Physics. C. Mathematics and Physics would be ancestors to Degree. D. Degree would be a subclass to Mathematics and Physics.

B

50) Object-oriented modeling is based on the concepts of A. objects and relationships. B. classes and objects. C. class and inheritance. D. objects and inheritance.

C

51) Object-oriented development could potentially reduce the time and cost of writing software because A. object-oriented programming requires less training. B. iterative prototyping is not required. C. objects are reusable. D. a single user interface object can be used for the entire application.

C

52) CASE tools automate A. the tedious and error-prone portions of analysis and design. B. code generation. C. testing. D. all of the above.

D

53) The oldest method for building information systems is A. component-based development. B. prototyping. C. object-oriented development. D. the systems development lifecycle.

D

54) In the traditional systems development lifecycle, end users: A. are important and ongoing members of the team from the original analysis phase through maintenance. B. are important only in the testing phases. C. have no input. D. are limited to providing information requirements and reviewing the technical staff's work.

D

55) In which type of systems building are the development stages organized so that tasks in one stage are completed before the tasks in the next stage begun? A. traditional B. prototyping C. RAD D. All of the above

A

56) As a technical project manager you have decided to propose implementing a prototyping methodology for a small Web-based design project. What is the order of steps you will follow in this project? A. Develop the prototype; use the prototype; revise and enhance the prototype. B. Identify user requirements, develop the prototype, use the prototype, revise and enhance the prototype. C. Define the requirements, develop solutions, select the best prototype, and implement the prototype. D. Define the requirements, develop the prototype, revise and enhance the prototype.

B

57) A systems building approach in which the system is developed as successive versions, each version reflecting requirements more accurately, is described to be A. end-user oriented. B. iterative. C. object-oriented. D. agile.

B

58) Which type of fourth-generation language tools are end-users most likely to work with? A. report generators and query languages B. report generators and application generators C. PC software tools and query languages D. PC software tools and report generators

C

59) Which type of fourth-generation language tool contains preprogrammed modules that can be used to create entire applications? A. PC software tools B. report generators C. application generators D. application software packages

C

60) When systems are created rapidly, without a formal development methodology A. end users can take over the work of IT specialists. B. the organization quickly outgrows the new system. C. hardware, software, and quality standards are less important. D. testing and documentation may be inadequate.

D

61) Management should control the development of end-user applications by A. developing a formal development methodology. B. requiring cost justification for end-user IS projects. C. establishing standards for user-developed applications. D. both B and C. E. both A and B.

D

62) Fourth-generation tools cannot replace conventional development tools because they A. cannot handle large numbers of transactions or extensive logic. procedural B. are not designed to integrate with legacy systems. C. do not incorporate methods for documentation. D. do not incorporate methods for testing.

A

63) If an organization's requirements conflict with the software package chosen and the package cannot be customized, the organization will have to A. change its procedures. B. outsource the development of the system. C. redesign the RFP. D. change the evaluation process.

A

64) Hidden costs such as ________ can easily undercut anticipated benefits from outsourcing. A. monitoring vendors to make sure they often are fulfilling their contractual obligations B. transitioning to a new vendor C. identifying and evaluating vendors of information technology services D. all of the above

D

65) The process of creating workable information systems in a very short period of time is called A. RAD. B. JAD. C. prototyping. D. B and C.

A

66) Which type of systems development is characterized by significantly speeding up the design phase and the generation of information requirements and involving users at an intense level? A. RAD B. JAD C. prototyping D. end-user development

B

67) You are an IT project manager for an advertising firm. The firm wishes to create an online tool that will be used to survey focus group reactions to products in development. The most important consideration for the firm is being able to offer the tool as soon as possible as a new corporate service. However, you know that many of the senior managers that are business owners of this project have difficulty in understanding technical or software development issues, and are likely to change their requirements during the course of development. What development method would be most successful for this project? A. RAD B. JAD C. end-user development D. prototyping

D

68) Groups of objects are assembled into software components for common functions, which can be combined into large-scale business applications, in which type of software development? A. object-oriented development B. component-based development C. structured methodologies D. RAD

B

69) Compared to the use of proprietary components, Web services promise to be less expensive and less difficult to implement because of A. their ability to integrate seamlessly with legacy systems. B. the use of universal standards. C. the ubiquity of the Internet. D. the ability to reuse Web services components.

B

70) ________ development focuses on rapid delivery of working software by breaking a large project into a series of small sub-projects that are completed in short periods of time using iteration and continuous feedback. A. Agile B. Rapid application C. Joint application D. Object-oriented

A

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