Special Senses (eyes)

69 terms by rhondam

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Medical terms of the the special senses (eyes)

sclera

white of the eye

choroid

contain blood vessels that supply eyeball

retina

sensitive nerve tissue; coats interior of eye

cornea

transparent covering of the iris

conjunctiva

membrane that lines outer surface of eye and inside of eyelid

iris

colorful, muscular ring; adjusts opening of pupil

lens

refracts light rays

rods

nerve cells responsible for vision in dim light and peripheral vision

cones

nerve cells responsible for the vision in bright light, central vision & color vision

meibomian

small oil glands that lubricate the eyes

astigmatism

irregularly focused light rays on the retina due to an abnormally shaped lens

hyperopia

farsightedness

myopia

nearsightedness

esotropia

inward turning of eyes (cross-eyed)

exotropia

outward turning of the eyes (wall-eyed)

nystagmus

involuntary movements of eyes; may or may not be apparent

strabismus

inability of eyes to gaze in same direction due to weakness of muscles (trachoma)

cataract

progressive cloudiness of the crystalline lens

diabetic retinopathy

disease of retina & capillaries due to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus

glaucoma

increased intraocular pressure

presbyopia

impaired vision due to aging

retinitis pigmentosa

degenerative disease of retina without inflammation that results in defective night vision and decreased field of vision

diplopia

double vision; may be in one or both eyes

nyctalopia

impaired or inadequate vision at night (night blindness)

photophobia

abnormal sensitivity to light

retinopathy

any disease or disorder of the retina

blepharitis

inflammation of the eyelids

hordeolum

bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle or sebaceous gland (sty)

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva (pinkeye)

Uveitis

inflammation of the iris, ciliary body and choroid

blepharoptosis

drooping of an eyelid

ectropion

turning outward of the eyelash margins, usually affects the lower eyelid

blepharoplasty

surgical repair or plastic surgery of the eyelid

funduscopy

endoscopic examination of the posterior inner part of the eye (fundus)

keratoectomy

surgical removal of the cornea

keratotomy

incision into the cornea

phacoemulsification

breaking the crystalline lens or its cataract into tiny particles that can be removed by suction or aspiration

REM

rapid eye movement

VA

visual acuity

VF

visual field

IOP

intraocular pressure

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation

RK

radial keratotomy

PRK

photo refractive keratectomy

ECCE

extracapsular cataract extraction

ICCE

intracapsular cataract extraction

IOL

intraocular lens

OD

Right eye

OS

Left eye

OU

each eye

intraocular

pertaining to within the eye

lacrimal

pertaining to tears

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and tear duct

ophthalmologist

physician eye specialist

ophthalmology

medical specialty related to the study of diseases, disorders, and treatments of the eye

optician

individual who measures and fits eyeglasses

optometrist

Dr. of optometry; hcp who measures VA, prescribes corrective lenses, & may diagnose/ treat eye problems

optometry

measuring/ testing eyes for visual acuity and corrective lenses

visual acuity

sharpness or clearness of vision in one or both eyes

chalazion

cyst or nodule on the eyelid as a result of an obstructed meibomian gland

dacryocystitis

inflammation of the tear sac or lacrimal sac

detached retina

separation of the retina from the choroid layer of the eye

exophthalmia

abnormal profusion of eyeballs

iritis

inflammation of the iris

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

photoretinitis

damage or inflammation of the retina to excessive exposure to light

pterygium

irregular growth and thickening of the conjunctive on the nasal side of the cornea

retinoblastoma

malignant tumor of the retina

sclerokeratitis

inflammation of the sclera and cornea

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set