Desmond Chapter 3A Test Review

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Transcendentalism

The philosophy that believed people could soar beyond the limits of ordinary experience and gain mystical knowledge of ultimate and eternal things by tapping into their intuitive powers is known as

An Adversely altered ecology and economy of the region

A drawback to building the Erie Canal

The redistribution of the African American population

The cotton boom that began in the 1810s set in motion

Benjamin Banneker

mathematician and surveyor; helped lay out Washington, D.C

The antebellum women's movement

Religious Revivalism, the temperance movement, benevolent activities, and Whig politics all helped

Many rejected the acquisitiveness of the new industrialized society

Why were there so many religious, reform, and utopian movements in the antebellum United States?

John Humphrey Noyes

Oneida Community

It recruited farm girls and women to work in factories

What did the Waltham plan/Lowell system do?

5

What percent of southern whites owned fifty percent of the south's slave population?

The efforts of Nat Turner

Contradicts the fact that most slaves recognized that uprisings would be futile

Native American rights

John Quincy Adams's actions showed a marked difference from Jackson's in relation to

Slavery allowed a civilized lifestyle for whites and provided tutelage for genetically inferior blacks

The notion of slavery as a "necessary evil" and a "positive good" was supported by which idea?

Celibacy

NOT associated with the Oneida Community

It was home to many religious revivals and reform movements

Central New York was labeled the "Burned Over District" because

Lyman Beecher

An avid spokesman against Roman Catholicism as anathema to republicanism and freedom of conscience was

Market Revolution

American factories and farms turning out more goods, merchants and legislators creating faster and cheaper ways to get those products to consumers

Railroads

These supplanted the short lived Canal Age

Walt Whitman

Wrote "Leaves of Grass"

Support for average Americans

Jacksonian democracy and Jeffersonian republicanism were most similar in their

Free blacks

Who became the backbone of the south's urban artisan workforce?

States' rights

The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, written by John C. Calhoun, was an argument in favor of

Was less than

The per capita income of the South (exceeded OR was less than) that of the North

Protective tariff, subsidized internal improvements, and the national bank

Elements of Clay's American system

Mormons

Joseph Smith and Brigham Young led these people

Church and family

Core institutions for African American society

The Trail of Tears

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 eventually led to

A black form of evangelical Christianity

The synthesis of African and American culture was exemplified by

Transcendentalism

Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and Ralph Waldo Emerson were well known for their involvement with

Abolition

David Walker, William Lloyd Garrison, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were all involved in

John Quincy Adams became president even though Andrew Jackson had more popular votes

A problem that occurred in the election of 1824 was that

Religious revival

Associates with both the First and Second Great Awakenings

States had the right to determine which congressional laws they would enforce

The Ordinance of Nullification was based on the belief that

Dorothea Dix

The author of Conversations on Common Things; founded charity schools; worked actively to get the mentally ill out of prisons

Slave revolts

Gabriel and Martin Prosser are linked to

It's per capita income was still lower than that of the North

This contradicted the fact that by the 1840s the South's cotton production accounted for almost two-thirds of the total value of American exports

The support of New York City merchants and the governor

The Erie Canal, the first great engineering project in American history, was successful in part because of

Active workers for the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott

Jefferson and Jackson

The two presidents that had the most strained relationships with the Supreme Court of the United States

Increased slave trade

Changing the marriage blessing from "'til death do you part" to "for as long as God keeps them together" is a reflection of

His rigid personality and high moral standards

A characteristic of John Quincy Adams that was both a strength and a weakness

Samuel Slater

"Father of the factory system"

Irish immigrants

Replaced workers in the Lowell Mill when they refused to work until conditions improved

A religious revival movement

The antebellum reform movement was, in large part, precipitated by

The Industrial and Market Revolutions

These two revolutions created a class-divided society that challenged the founders' vision of an agrarian republic

Tariff protection

The national government aided the growth of industry in the first half of the nineteenth century through

The Bill of Rights

A legal argument for slavery can be found in

Investment in land and slaves

Southern capital and entrepreneurial energies were mostly diverted to

Perfectionism

n evangelical movement that believed the Second Coming of Christ had already occurred and people could attain complete freedom from sin

Economic tied being forged between the North and South

A major effect of the transportation revolution

Margaret Fuller

A critic for the New York Tribune, an editor of The Dial, and the author of Woman in the Nineteenth Century

inequality

The planter aristocracy valued

Worcester v. Georgia

Marshall decision that Jackson refused to implement, stating, "John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it"

South Carolina plantation owner

This person would most likely be opposed to antebellum reform

Demanded government assistance for their business enterprises

Nineteenth-century bankers, land speculators, and entrepreneurs all

Remington, Singer, and other American businesses soon dominated many European markets

An outcome of the American Industrial Revolution

Deter westward migration

Several eastern states expanded suffrage to

promote the general diffusion of knowledge

The American Lyceum movement undertook to

The rapid transfer of slaves from other regions to the lower Mississippi Valley

The factor that most significantly reduced slaves' cultural differences

John Deere

This person invented the steel plow

Hindered

Roman Catholic immigration in the 1840s (hindered OR falicitated) unions

The labor theory of value

The concept that the price of a product should reflect the work required to make it

Martin Van Buren

Considered the first real politician, partly because he created the first statewide political machine

Moral superiority

Was not used by Southerners to support their pro-slavery position

Franchise qualifications

In this way was the United States more democratic than anywhere else in the world during the first half of the nineteenth century

The Second Great Awakening and reform

The women's rights' advocates had their origins in

Revivalism

Charles Grandison Finney is most directly connected with

Free blacks could not work for the U.S. Postal Service, claim public land, or hold a U.S. passport

One thing that Martin Delany referred to when he said, "We are slaves in the midst of freedom"

The Cherokees

Sequoyah developed a written language and published a newspaper for

Destroy the national bank

Jackson took his win in the election of 1832 as a mandate to

Patronage

The power of elected officials to grant government jobs to party members in return for their loyalty

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