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behavioral medicine

a field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies it to health and disease

health psychology

a field that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

stress

how we perceive and cope with environmental threats and challenges

general adaptation syndrome (GAS)

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion

coronary heart disease

the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart muscle

Type A

Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people

Type B

Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people

psychophysiological illness

"mind-body" illness - any stress-related physical illness

lymphocytes

the 2 types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system

coping

alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods

problem-focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress directly - by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor

emotion-focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction

aerobic exercise

sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness - may alleviate depression and anxiety

biofeedback

a system of recording, amplifying, and feeding back information about subtle physiological responses

complementary and alternative medicine

unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies

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