Chapter 2

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36 terms · Chapter 2 multiple choice

peripheral device

The term_____designates equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance its functionality.

Portable

A______computer is a small, lightweight personal computer with screen, keyboard, storage, and processing components integrated into a single unit.

Netbook

A______offers more portability than a standard notebook.

Slate

A(n) tablet configuration resembles a high-tech clipboard and lacks a built-in keyboard.

Word size

_____refers to the number of bits that a microprocessor can manipulate at one time.

Pipelining

A technology called_____allows the processor to begin executing another instruction before it completes the previous instruction.

Parallel processing

Many of today's microprocessors perform_____, in which multiple instructions are executed at the same time.

Benchmarks

____are the results of a series of tests used to gauge overall microprocessor speed and are useful in comparing microprocessor performance.

The processor, Memory, and Graphics card

Overclocking is a technique for increasing the speed of a computer component, such as____. It can be very risky.

Volatile

Unlike disk storage, most RAM is____.

Nanoseconds

RAM speed is often expressed in ____.

ROM (Read Only Memory)

_____ is a type of memory circuitry that holds the computer's startup routine.

EEPROM

A(n) ____ chip is a type of non-volatile memory chip that does not require power to hold data.

Random access

____ is the ability of a device to "jump" directly to the request data.

Data transfer rate

The_____ is the amount of data that a storage device can move from the storage medium to the computer per second.

Magnetic

Hard disk storage technology can be classified as _____ storage.

2 TB

Personal computer hard disk platters typically have storage capacities ranging from 40 GB to _____.

Optical

CD and DVD storage technologies can be classified as _____ storage.

BD-RE, CD-RW, and DVD+RW

Which of the following is an example of a rerecordable optical storage medium?

Card Reader

A built-in ______ in your personal computer can make it simpler to transfer photos from a solid state memory card used in your digital camera.

Includes moving parts

Solid state storage, also called flash memory storage, _______.

CD drive

The accompanying figure shows us a _____.

WQXGA

Which is the highest resolution?

Duty Cycle

A(n) ______ printer's can print on both sides of paper.

USB and FireWire

Hot plugging is allowed with what kind of devices?

Kensington Security Slot

The _____ is a security mechanism that is factory-installed on many personal computers.

STOP

It takes 800 pounds of force to remove a _____ plate, which contains a unique ID number, a warning message, and an 800 number report a stolen computer.

UPS

A _____ is a device that not only provides surge protection, but also furnishes your computer with battery backup power during a power outage.

Surge

A(n) ______ strip monitors the electrical current that passes from the outlet to all the devices plugged into the strip.

Black screen of Death

The ______ indicates that the operating system has encountered an error from which it cannot recover, and the computer no longer accepts any commands.

Ctrl, Alt, and Del

To reboot a PC, hold down the _____ keys at the same time.

These computers have to be replaced fairly frequently.

Which of the following would NOT be true of computers priced higher than US $2,000?

US$600 to $2,000

If Perry decides that he does not need the computer equivalent of luxury automobile and that his needs are more in line with those of the average user, what can he expect to pay?

DVD/R/RW/CD-RW

Jim likes to save MP3 files and photo files to disc and take them to work. His work computer has DVD-RW. For his home computer, which would be the best choice for an optical disc drive?

Dot Pitch

What should Paul look for in a display device as a measure of image clarity?

LCD

If Paul wants to buy an inexpensive, compact monitor, he should buy a(n) monitor.

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