Pre-Columbian America

31 terms by zariaprout

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Aztec religion was based on a belief in the struggle between________________

-Good and Evil

The ________ civilization is the oldest Mesoamerican civilization.

-Olmec

Mayans writing system is based on hieroglyphs which ________?

-Spanish conquerors made no effort to decipher, and instead burned Mayan books

First major city in Mesoamerica?

-Teotihucan

Aztec god who took form of a feathered serpent

-Quetzalcoatl

Largest Mayan city with over 100,000 inhabitants

-Tikal

Conqueror of the Aztecs

-Cortes

Montezuma didn't attack Cortes because ______

-he believed that Cortes was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl

Which of the following is NOT a theory for the decline of Mayan civilization

-lack of invention and adaptation

Inca women might expect to do any of the following EXCEPT

-serve in the army.

The Inca did NOT possess

-a writing system.

One of the factors that contributed to the downfall of both the Inca and the Aztec empires was their

-lack of a natural immunity to diseases that the Spanish brought with them from Europe

oldest major city in the Americas

-Caral

The Inca produced a magnificent, expansive, and complex culture, despite lacking all of the following except ________

-a system of writing

Which of the following did not contribute to the fall of the Incan Empire?

-The Incan Empire had ineffective communication systems.

Which city was located within the Toltec heartland?

-Tenochtitlán

What was placed over the high altar of the temple at Cuzco?

-an image of the Sun

In 1492, Columbus __________.

-arrived in the West Indies

Haiti's independence from France was achieved through a __________.

-slave rebellion

The mestizo population group is a majority group in most Latin American countries. Mestizos are best described as people __________.

-of mixed Spanish and Native American heritage

As the result of hundreds of years of assimilation with Spanish culture, the most common religion in Latin America is __________.

-Roman Catholicism

Which European nation was the most influential in colonizing Brazil?

-Portugal

All of the following were pre-Columbian civilizations in Mexico, except __________.

-the Inca

The US government was very involved in Latin America during the Cold War, often in an attempt to __________

-stop the spread of communism in the region

Which of the class pyramids above correctly shows the race-based class system used in the Spanish colonies in the Americas?

-Peninsular, Criollo, Mestizo, Mulatto, Amerindians and slaves.

areas of Mexico and Central America that were civilized before the Spaniards arrived

-Mesoamerica

Rulers of the Mayan city-states claimed

-to be descended from gods

Which of the following statements best describes the role of the Catholic Church in the European conquest of Latin America?

-Catholic missionaries converted large numbers of the native populations, and the Catholic Church owned a substantial amount of property.

Which communist dictator seized power in Cuba in 1959?

-Fidel Castro

used both a solar calendar and a sacred calendar for measuring time

-Maya

dvanced civilization near the Pacific coast, not far south of the border of Ecuador

-Moche

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