Science Lab Quiz/test Physio II

101 terms by racdavis

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Science Lab Quiz Physio II covers stuff on the quiz and on the test

Tissue

a group of cells working together to perform a function; example: Blood

solid

red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets make up this part of the blood

platelet

cell fragment that is involved in the blood clotting process

red blood cell

carries oxygen; are red because they contain the pigment hemoglobin; do not have a nucleus

hemoglobin

pigment in red blood cells that binds to oxygen increasing the surface area of blood by nearly 60 times

white blood cell

protects our body against invading pathogens; contain a nucleus

AIDS

blood has few white blood cells present

AIDS

person has admitted to injecting drugs for the past six years, has pneumonia and skin cancer

sickle cell anemia

red blood cells are shaped like crescent moons

sickle cell anemia

african americans have it most often, always tired, has shortness of breath

leukemia

few red blood cells, many white blood cells

leukemia

has fever, sore throat, and frequent nose bleeds

Polycethemia

very many red blood cells

Polycethemia

has frequent headaches and nose bleeds, high blood pressure, very red complexion

thrombocytopenia purpurea

very few platelets

thrombocytopenia purpurea

has sudden appearance of purple marks under skin, bruises easily, does not clot after being cut

19:1

ratio of red to white blood cells in normal blood

phagocytes

type of white blood cell that eats, or engulf and destroys, pathogens

lymphocytes

type of white blood cell that produce antibodies that help destroy pathogens

plasma

the liquid part of the blood

heart attack

when your heart stops working and blood is not pumped. you can die shortly because you can not survive without the substances (oxygen mostly) that your blood carries.

4

How many chambers are there in the human heart?

2

How many chambers are there in a fish's heart?

poor

is blood that returns to a fish's heart from the body oxygen rich or poor?

gills

before blood is pumped back to the body cells of the fish it first goes through the heart and then to the...

oxygen

what does blood get at the gills of a fish?

yes

does oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood mix in a fish's heart?

3

how many chambers are there in an amphibian's heart?

poor

is blood that returns to an amphibian's heart from the body oxygen rich or poor?

atrium

when blood returns to the heart from the body, which does it pass through first, a ventricle or an atrium?

oxygen

what does blood get at the lungs?

yes

does oxygenated blood mix with deoxygenated blood in an amphibian's heart?

3

How many chambers are there in a reptile's heart?

poor

is blood that returns to a reptile's heart from the body oxygen rich or poor?

yes

does oxygenated blood mix with deoxygenated blood in a reptile's heart?

partial septum

what structure partially separates the left and right ventricles in reptiles and makes it so that the heart can correctly be called an incomplete four chambered heart?

valve

what structure is found between atriums and ventricles that makes sure blood flows in one direction?

4

How many chambers are there in a bird's heart?

deoxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: superior vena cava

deoxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: inferior vena cava

deoxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: right atrium

deoxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: right ventricle

deoxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: pulmonary arteries

oxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: pulmonary veins

oxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: left atrium

oxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: left ventricle

oxygenated

contains oxygenated or deoxygenated blood: aorta

septum

separates the left side of the heart from the right side of the heart

superior vena cava

brings oxygen poor blood from the upper part of the body to the right atrium

inferior vena cava

brings oxygen poor blood from the lower part of the body to the right atrium

right atrium

recieves blood from the body cells

right ventricle

pumps blood away from the heart to the lungs

pulmonary arteries

bring oxygen poor blood to the right or left lung

pulmonary veins

bring oxygen rich blood from each of the lungs to the left atrium

left atrium

recieves blood from the lungs

left ventricle

pumps blood away from the heart to the body

aorta

sends oxygen rich blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the blody

bacteria

which type of pathogen causes typhoid fever?

pathogen

a disease causing agent

cancer

a disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth

first

the body's ______ line of defense is to keep pathogens away from the body by using the skin, mucus, tears, sweat...

second

the body's ______ line of defense is the inflammatory response

inflammatory response

the body's reaction when a pathogen enters the body, millions of white blood cells are produced to fight the infection. The white blood cells get rid of the bacteria, and the tissue that is infected may become swollen and painful

third

the body's ______ line of defense is to react with a series of specific defenses called the immune response that is triggered by an antigen

antigen

a substance that triggers the immune response. it is located on the outside of a cell, and when it is unrecognized by the body, the cell is attacked.

antibody

a protein that recognizes and binds to a specific antigen

vaccine

an injection of a weakened form of a pathogen to produce immunity

HIV

this virus can be spread through any form of sexual intercourse with an infected person or through contact with the blood or blood contact with an infected person

carbon dioxide

gas produced as a result of burning fuels

aerobic

carbon dioxide is produced when going through ____________ respiration

basic

if a solution has a pH of 10, is it basic, acidic, or neutral?

acidic

if a solution has a pH of 4, is it basic, acidic, or neutral?

neutal

if a solution has a pH of 7, is it basic, acidic, or neutral?

acidic

when carbon dioxide is dissolved in water, is the solution basic, acidic, or neutral?

base

Phenolphthalein is a chemical that indicates the prescense of an acid, base, or a salt?

clear

What color is phenolphthalein when added to an acid?

pinkish- purple

What color is phenolphthalein when added to a base?

BTB

We did not use phenolphthalein in the lab. instead, we used a mixture of this indicator of CO2 and water. What are the initials of this indicator?

yellow

What color is BTB when it comes in contact with a super acidic solution/gas?

blue

What color is BTB to begin with?

increase

if your physical activity increases, then your rate of respiration will _______.

increase

if your physical activity increases, then your amount of CO2 in your breath will _______.

Medulla

what part of the brain controls the breathing rate, the cerebrum, medulla, cerebellum, or crainiumhypoteneuseelephantthingy?

Diffusion

once oxygen is in your lungs, it moves from the air spaces in your lungs into the blood stream by this process. (high to low concentration)

red blood cells

in what cells in your blood is oxygen found?

diffusion

oxygen moves from the red blood cells to the body cells by this process. (high to low concentration)

mitochondria

once oxygen enters the body cells, it combines with glucose (in the process of aerobic respiration) to form ATP. within which organelle does this chemical reaction known as aerobic respiration take place?

carbon dioxide

what waste gas is produced from aerobic respiration?

diffusion

carbon dioxide is made in body cells and then enters the blood by this process. (high to low concentration)

diffusion

Once at the lungs, the carbon dioxide in the blood leaves the blood and enters the air spaces in the lungs by this process. (high to low concentrations)

nostril

opening that lets air in and out of the body

pharynx

passageway for air and food. space at the back of the throat where cilia hairs push mucas that has caught dust and other particles that are not wanted in the lungs and clump it all together to be spit/ caughed out or swollowed.

epiglottis

flap that covers the trachea when you swollow to prevent food from going down "the wrong pipe"

larynx

contain two highly elastic folds of tissue known as the vocal chords that produce sound.

trachea

passageway for air to the lungs

lung

organ where gas exchange occurs

pleura

outer membrane protecting the lung. I(t attatches to the ribs and angers the lung. It is highly elastic.

bronchi

branch out from the trachea to the lungs where they carry air

bronchiole

branch out from the bronchi and carry oxygen to the alveoli

alveoli

exchange oxygen and CO2 with capillaries and blood

diaphragm

pulls out from lungs when sucking in air and pushes in on lungs when letting out CO2/ air.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set