During this time, Henry VIII severed England's ties with the Church of Rome and helped to establish Protestantism in England. The Bible was also translated into English during this time.
Also called the Elizabethan Period (1485-1625). During this era, England experienced a revived interest in Greek and Roman literature. Italy greatly affected English literature during this time.
the literary work written by Sir Thomas More describing an imaginary ideal world. Means ''no place'' in Greek.
a piece of extended fiction which uses dramatic characters and events to represent non-literal meanings. The characters are often personified to obtain the strong symbolism essential in this type of piece.
a work of moderate length in which the writer tries to develop his own thoughts on some subject
the regular recurrence of sounds
rhyme occcuring at the end of lines
the measured rhythm of a poem
the pattern in a line of poetry, consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables.
the most common type of rhythm in English verse; consists of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
an accented syllable followed by an unaccented one
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one
an accented syllable followed by two unaccented one
two accented syllables
unrhymed iambic pentameter; it is used for the treatment of serious themes by many great poets including Marlowe, Shakespeare, Milton, and Wordsworth
a nine-line stanza having a rhyme scheme of a b a b b c b c c, the first eight lines in iambic pentameter, the ninth in iambic hexameter. It is named for the author of The Faerie Queen
aids in producing the play which help the audience or reader visualize the setting of scenes by giving details of time, place, and the entrances and exits of characters
a speech by a lone character on the stage
a dramatic effect in which a character directly addresses either the audience or another character. He does this to convey his inner feelings or to comment on some action performed. The other characters are assumed to have not heard the remark
the people who perform the action of a narrative, novel, or play. Each often exemplifies a particular quality found in life.
the arrangement of events in a story or play; the sequence of related actions
the plot of a play in the following sequence: exposition, rising action, turning point, catastrophe, and dénouement
a play that ends unhappily. The events have great significance; the characters are important figures; the themes deal with the universal questions of life
a play that ends happily; the events are trivial, everyday details of life; the characters are ordinary men rather than kings or nobles; the themes deal with man's imperfections, vices, and weaknesses
a fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter with a definite pattern of two basic varieties, English and Italian
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
made up of two parts, an octave and a sestet, which represents a division in thought. The octave has a rhyme scheme of a b b a a b b a and presents a situation or idea or raises a questions; the sestet may have one of several rhyme schemes such as c d c d c d or c d e c d e or c c d d e e, and responds to the octave by making a comment, giving an example, or answering a question
English (Shakespearean) sonnet
made up of three quatrains and a couplet and rhymes a b a b, c d c d, e f e f, g g
a classic love song dealing with shepherds and rustic life, often presenting an idealized concept of rural life
a popular love song during the Elizabethan Age. It consisted of five or six voice part sung independently, without accompaniment, and woven into an intricate pattern.
a group of four lines or a four-line stanza pattern used in poetry
an eight-line stanza often used to emphasize the first eight lines of an Italian sonnet
a six line poem which follows an eight-line division to clarify the preceding octave
two rhyming lines which express a complete thought
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meanings, usually with a humorous effect
a truth expressed in the form of an apparent contradiction
the use of words which appeal to the senses
Elizabethan playhouse (Globe)
a London theater where many of Shakespeare's plays were performed. The three-storied structure could accommodate over two thousand people
a secondary plot woven into the main plot
a humorous event or speech used to provide temporary relief from the intense drama of the play. It was used as a comparison to ''elevate'' the seriousness of the play
a b a b b c b c c
rhyme scheme of a Spenserian stanza
8th line of a Spenserian stanza
9th line of a Spenserian stanza
a b a b, c d c d, e f e f, g g
rhyme scheme of a English/Shakespearean sonnet
c d c d c d or c d e c d e or c c d d e e
possible rhyme schemes of a sestet
a b b a a b b a
rhyme scheme of an octave