5th - Water Cycle - Science S.G. (01-08-10)

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Quest scheduled for Friday, January 15, 2010.

precipitation

when water droplets collide and merge, rain, sleet, snow, or hails falls

surface runoff

water that does not soak into soil moves toward oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams

infiltration

when water falls to Earth as precipitation, it soaks into the soil; this is when groundwater flows.

clouds

are made of water droplets and ice crystals, depending on the temperature

sun

heat from the sun warms water from oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams

transpiration

plants and trees take in water through their roots. Some of it passes out through the pores in their leaves and evaporates into the air.

condensation

when water vapor rises and cools, it becomes water droplets

evaporation

heated water turns into vapor and rises

What makes the Water cycle work?

changes in temperature make the cycle work

fresh water

only 3% of the water is nonsalty; it is constantly recycled during the water cycle and can be a solid, liquid or gas

2/3 of the Earth's surface

is covered by water

95 of the Earth's water7

is salty and undrinkable ocean water

Life of a Raindrop - Step 1 - Evaporation & Transpiration

this occurs when the sun heats water on oceans, lakes, and rivers; then the water molecules rise into the air as an invisible gas called water vapor

Life of a Raindrop - Step 2 - Condensation

As water vapor rises, it cools. When the air temperature is cool enough, vapor condenses into droplets. Water droplets form around microscopic bits of dust and salt in the air. Clouds are made up of millions of tiny water droplets with dust specks inside. The darker the cloud, the more water it has.

Life of a Raindrop - Step 3 - Precipitation

The droplets are still too small to fall. The droplets blow up and down in a cloud. they combine with other droplets and become raindrops, and are now too heavy to stay in the cloud. Gravity sends them plunging to Earth at at average speed of 14 miles per hour.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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